Tomiyama, "Countercurrent Flow
Limitation at the Junction between the Surge Line and the Pressurizer of a PWR," Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, vol.
Figures 5 through 7 along with Table 5 present the results obtained from the countercurrent flow
in the simulation model.
In the countercurrent flow
regime, the fluid moves through the vent in two distinct streams, with one going up and the other going down.
While conventional wet scrubbers use a countercurrent flow
, in which the flue gas rising from the base of the scrubber passes upward through the falling slurry spray, the Pure Air version uses a high-velocity, co-current flow.
Fully operational, cupolas exhibit an efficient countercurrent flow
with the hot gases preheating the charge as they percolate up through successive charge layers and out the stack.
They are ranging from different orientations as vertical, horizontal, or inclined, different geometries as pipes, channels, rod bundle, and flow configurations as cocurrent or countercurrent flow
. This correlation, although general, lacks the model specificity that is required for an accurate prediction .
In the laboratory, I saw students measure conductivity and the clearance of sodium molecules across their constructed semi-permeable membranes within designated periods of time using countercurrent flow
Plateflow is said to offer true countercurrent flow
, maximizing mean temperature difference between the fluids.
This recirculation flow (i.e., a countercurrent flow
), which is shown in Figure 17(b), did not appear in the 1D analysis using the MARS code.
The R-176 features the company's proprietary spiral channel design, a special, jacketed main barrel that allows a countercurrent flow
of heating and/or cooling medium through up to three separate control zones.
Quintiere, "Buoyancy driven countercurrent flows
generated by a fire source," in Heat Transfer and Turbulent Buoyant Convection, D.
About 100 to 200 meters below, a swift countercurrent flows
in the opposite direction.