counterfactual

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counterfactual

or

counterfactual conditional

a conditional statement, of the form ‘if a , then b’, in which the assertion is that ‘were a to have occurred, then b would have followed’, as in ‘had the Greeks lost the Battle of Marathon, then a different historical outcome from the uniquely Western route to modernity would have been the outcome’. Since the ‘antecedent’ (the first clause of the statement) in such counterfactual statements is unfulfilled, the empirical assessment of the claim involved in the ‘consequent’ (the second clause) presents some difficulties. The plausibility of such statements depends on the possibility of citing convincing supporting evidence which can justify the conditional statement.
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References in periodicals archive ?
COUNTERFACTUAL QUESTIONS REQUIRE COUNTERFACTUALLY RELEVANT
Liberalization and the counterfactually identifiable advancement of the division of labor that would follows it require "no more than a minister's or legislature's signature" (Finger, 1999).
From this standpoint, Utopia is, in Kant's terms, a counterfactually (37) grounded regulative ideal.
In another essay in Alibis he explains that, "unless the counterfactual nerve is stimulated, writing cannot happen" (197): "You feel, you imagine, you think, and ultimately write counterfactually, because writing speaks this disturbance, investigates it, because writing also perpetuates and consolidates it and hopes to make sense of it by giving it a form" (189).
So if NL were an aspect of brains, it too would be finite and the output of sentences (granting counterfactually that it makes sense to take organ outputs as sentences) would be as well.
Simple comparative analysis of the scenarios shows that the further the interest is decreased, the more it counteracts the effects of increased savings, ergo counterfactually decreases the length of production (or, in the framework, the net effect manifested by shorter processes is quite possible).
I have argued, counterfactually, that Philippine history might have been markedly different if Jaime Cardinal Sin had not stopped Gloria Arroyo from contesting the presidency in 1998, and suggested that the same mistake should not be made regarding Poe (Cardinal Sin's biggest mistake?
It remains an open question whether BP Migas itself was responsible for the country's declining oil production figures that was and remains a multifaceted problem; (74) however, counterfactually, it is hard to imagine, despite the social and political forces that rallied against the IRA, that the government would have tolerated its disbandment if oil production had been rising instead of sliding.
However, Karabarbounis and Neiman (2014a) point out that if their elasticity estimate is valid, it remains correct to say that counterfactually, the labor share would be higher if not for the role of falling investment prices in encouraging investment.
requirement that a belief be counterfactually sensitive to the truth--as
Suppose, counterfactually, a future Federal Reserve (or Congress)