Being able to counterfactually
predict how much a player will produce in a lineup, and the impact that player will have on his teammates' production, is an important component in free agent evaluation.
Otherwise, on the base of the Niels Bohr's correspondence principle, the old equation Fk should have been obtained as a limit case of [F.sub.k+m], when the new factors [x.sub.k+1],..., [x.sub.k+m] are assumed counterfactually
equal to zero.
Specifically, we consider shocks with counterfactually
large persistent and transitory components and preferences that display ambiguity aversion.
Consider the notion of counterfactually
possible worlds, worlds closely resembling the actual/factual world that could have been a certain way in one respect, had the actual world been, say, slightly different in some other respect.
, satellite breakaway did not inevitably have to lead to the collapse of the entire Soviet Union.
The authors also assess--and reject--a number of competing explanations, including changes in who becomes a parent (the rise in average childcare hours remains even when averaging across all adults); rising incomes (an insufficient explanation given the moderate income elasticity of childcare time); increasing safety concerns (survey data suggest that such concerns actually fell over the relevant period); greater enjoyment of childcare (which predicts, counterfactually
, that fertility would also rise); and more flexible work schedules (which cannot explain why the rise is even greater among nonworking mothers).
While non-preference is observed directly, strict preference and indifference cannot be inferred solely from observed actions and must instead be inferred counterfactually
In that case, the fantasy world of the upper panel appears to be counterfactually
reflected in the real-world water of the panel on the left below.
Such anachronistic comparisons always seem to involve the same legerdemain, turning whatever side the writer hates into a precursor of the Nazis (whence the inescapable argumentum ad Hitlerum) and making the righteous victory appear counterfactually
as a step towards the latest super-duper version of U.S.
depend on E, and E may counterfactually
depend on C,
(3) Notice that this estimation method assumes (counterfactually
) that the options are European--that is, that they can be exercised only at maturity.
, OAS facilitation through the mesa helped prevent a slide toward further state repression, a military coup, or even civil war.