Initial leaching of the material results in the removal of soluble anionic alkalinity (HC[O.sub.3.sup.-], C[O.sub.3.sup.2-], or Al[(OH).sub.4.sup.-]) as counterions
for the major cation present ([Na.sup.+]) and, therefore, a decrease in residue pH (Jones et al.
Based on the variety of experimental procedures reported or producing MOF-199 and the absence of information in literature concerning the importance of understanding the significant experimental conditions for MOF-199 production, the aim of this work was to apply a [2.sup.3] factorial design to evaluate the influence of [Cu.sup.2+] salts counterions
, acetate (OAc) and chloride ([Cl.sup.-]), and the synthesis parameters (time, temperature and metal concentration) on the reaction yield (response variable) of MOF-199.The obtained compounds were characterized by infrared vibrational spectroscopy (FT-IR spectroscopy), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD).
We first consider binary electrolyte solutions with equal and different counterion
and co-ion sizes and compare the obtained results with those obtained using the Carnahan-Starling theory.
The interaction of polymer with an oppositely charged polymer results in an exchange of counterions
and it is accompanied with an increase in entropy .
The volume charge density of counterion
in rock pore space is
Wei, "Influence of oxidation state, pH, and counterion
on the conductivity of polyaniline," The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol.
It is not known well and is related to the polarization of counterion
atmosphere near charge surfaces in the tissue or polarization of large membrane-bound structures in the tissue.
Woodson, "Role of counterion
condensation in folding of the Tetrahymena ribozyme II.
Popescu, "Preparation of aminoglycoside-loaded chitosan nanoparticles using dextran sulphate as a counterion
," Journal of Microencapsulation, vol.
Grosse used a simple counterion
model, in which the fluid is treated as a suspension of cells inside an electrolyte solution (the plasma).
Simulation results indicated that as the solution concentration increased, the density peaks of both coion and counterion
concentrations increased at different speeds as screening effects appeared.