Counterplan


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Counterplan

 

a form of manifestation of worker initiative and participation by the masses in the management of production; the counterplan arose in the USSR in the course of socialist competition during the fulfillment of the first five-year plan (1929-32). The counterplan idea was proposed at the Karl Marx Factory (Leningrad) in June 1930. Discussing the factory’s plan, the workers, considering the available reserves, suggested a counterproposal aimed at overfulfilling the basic targets of the plan. In 1930-31, the counterplan took the form of a shift counterplan, and later appeared as a technical production and financial counterplan. Reflecting the growth of activity of the shock workers, the counterplan spread widely to all sectors of the national economy of the USSR. Thus, in 1933 in metallurgy alone, over 2,300 brigades (34,000 workers) participated in working out a counterplan. Counterplans furthered the improvement of the organization of production and use of material, labor, and financial resources, thereby promoting a higher productiveness of labor and the fulfillment of the first five-year plan ahead of schedule. The proposal of counterplans in the form of socialist obligations for the fulfillment of monthly, quarterly, and annual plans ahead of schedule has been widespread throughout the USSR and other socialist countries in the 1960’s and 1970’s.

References in periodicals archive ?
covert involvement in Central America" on secrecy, and if secrecy is an intrinsic component this phrase, then no negative could counterplan out of secrecy no matter what the conception of fiat or solvency.
Bahm illustrates imaginative variation by constructing a counterplan that allows the negative to fiat both the legal requirement that no drug results be revealed and the actual realization of confidentiality.
More advanced material covers stock issues, speaker duties, how debates are judged, counterplans, critical argumentation, cross-examination, and notetaking.
Over time, the Bolsheviks came to identify their own activities "as counterplans to the diagnosed intentions, as active parries against the movements of these opposing forces, which they endowed with the rational, consistent, and relentless will that the Bolsheviks themselves wished to possess.
Debates which once involved careful deliberation of students role-playing as Congressional legislators may now move quickly between plans and counterplans and permutations testing their mutual exclusivity or mutual non-desirability, advantages and disadvantages framed in particular decision calculuses and around certain values which can be criticized and counter-criticized--authorship ranging from Barack Obama to Carl Schmitt to John Mearsheimer to Gilles Deleuze.
If I am asked what counterplans I might have against it, I am afraid that I can propose nothing concrete in the capacity of a novelist as defined in your remarks quoted at the beginning of my letter.
33) Her attempt to immortalize Demophoon is the first of Demeter's counterplans or stratagems against the original boule (plan) and dolos (trickery or deceit) of Zeus, which resulted in the abduction of her daughter.