The rotating drums were affixed to the outboard ends of the bull-pinion shafts (left and right countershafts
), which passed completely through the final drive housings.
Two wet multi-plate clutches route engine power to the wheels through two input and two countershafts
. Computerized servos shift the helical gears and operate the wet clutches.
A third option, layshaft with winding path, is a particular case of a layshaft transmission design that achieves unique gear ratios through multiple meshes of parallel axis gears, sometimes incorporating multiple countershafts. Such an architecture can increase the availability of fixed gear ratios while reducing the number of rows of gear pairs, but at the sacrifice of mesh efficiency.
The particulars of the powerflow is a single countershaft design owing to the relaxed packaging restriction along the transmission axial length due to the longitudinal orientation.
is equally immersed in lubricant, thanks to Lightning's horizontal countershaft
Yasunaga Corp., the Japanese supplier to the automotive industry (blocks, manifolds, rods, countershafts
) and producer of specialty machine tools (metalcutting cells, lapping machines, leak testers) has teamed up with Unova Inc.'s Lamb Technicon Machining Systems in an international alliance aimed at Japanese transplants, i.e., Japanese firms operating outside of Japan.