Countersignature

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Countersignature

 

in the state law of some bourgeois states, the signing by the premier or other authorized minister of a normative act of parliament or of the head of state, thereby giving the act legal force. Countersignature is provided for in the constitutions of all bourgeois parliamentary countries (for example, the Italian Constitution, art. 89). In France since 1962, that is, since the institution of direct presidential elections, presidential decrees do not enter into force without countersignature by the premier. The most important decrees of the French premier must, in turn, have the countersignature of the appropriate ministers as a sign of their agreement with the given decree.

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She added, however, that the President's prerogative to grant, restore, relieve from and withdraw Bulgarian citizenship involved a shared responsibility and therefore had to be countersigned by the Justice Minister.
"The Rent Stabilization Code and the renewal form all say they are not binding until countersigned and delivered by the landlord to the tenants," he said.
Professions other than doctors have been able to countersign passport applications since 2001, including teachers, bank staff and social workers.
Keter also said the commissioners will countersign contracts before payments are made.
Many people are unaware that doctors are no longer needed to countersign passport applications or issue certificates for short-term sick-leave, leading some to book special appointments just for such purposes.
The court heard that Woods, of Pinewood Avenue, Croxteth, became involved when her father asked her to countersign some applications.
One such effort came to life on August 13, 2001 as procedures were implemented to allow the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) to electronically coordinate and countersign letter of offer and acceptance (LOA) documents.
Those who have tenancy agreements that end before the five years of the agreement are up will have to approach their landlord and ask them to countersign the agreement with them.
Det Con Holmes also warned people asked to countersign passports they could be jailed if, through 'naivety or neglect', they helped bogus applicants gain a passport.
Other measures announced include taking doctors off the list of individuals who can countersign applications for driving licences and passports.
After passing sentence, the judge said he had dealt with a number of similar cases recently and added: 'I have become concerned about the ease with which people are able to make and countersign passport applications.'
She signed out the money with her own initials in keeping with procedure at the home but failed to get a colleague to countersign the money had been taken out.