coup


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coup

(ko͞o) [Fr.,=blow], among Native North Americans of the Plains culture, a war honor, awarded for striking an enemy in such a way that it was considered an extreme act of bravery. Generally, coups were awarded according to the degree of difficulty and danger involved; the most extreme, such as striking an armed enemy with the bare hand, counted highest. Killing an enemy, wounding him, scalping him, or stealing his horse or gun—all these were coups of value. Recital of the deeds was an important social function, and a warrior with many coups held a high status and was honored at feasts, ceremonials, and in the tribe. After warfare had ceased, coups became transferable property, passing from the old men to the younger, who needed coups to acquire warrior status in the tribe.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

coup (d'état)

the sudden overthrow of state power by unconstitutional, usually violent, means. In contrast to a revolutionary change in power, in a coup there may be no intention to change the social and economic set-up radically. Instead, a change in the governing group may be all that is intended. In recent decades, many coups have been military (see MILITARY INTERVENTION IN POLITICS). See also REVOLUTION.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
In a tweet on Tuesday, he shared a link of a report by the US National Security Archive which provided documents confirming the CIA's role in the 1953 coup against the Iranian government.
According to news media reports, especially the authentic Sudan tribune cyber journal, the issue of July 25, 2019, indicated that Sudan continues to arrest military officers and former officials after the failed coup. http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article67835
The FETO entered into different sectors such as education, charity, trade, media and banking in order to achive target, to get money and human resources especially through donations and school Works 'Turkish people have maintained democracy at the expense of their lives' They sacrficed their lives and made the coup attempt fail.
The President's son earlier claimed receiving reports that one of three contenders for House Speaker is planning a coup on July 22.
He also disclosed that seven other suspected members of the hidden team that orchestrated the coup have been also confirmed dead so far.
'If you bother about Nigerian history, you read about coup and counter coup, civil war, coup, counter coup.
Using historic data on the conditions behind every coup and coup attempt since 1950, CoupCast has identified six factors that can suggest a leader is at imminent risk of overthrow.
For several hours, it looked like Turkey was going to face the fourth devastating military coup in its 95-year political history.
The Turkish authorities accuse the leader of the Hizmet (FETO) movement, Fethullah Gulen, who resides in the US, of being involved in an attempted military coup, and demand the US to extradite him.
Eight Turkish soldiers fled to Greece following the abortive July 2016 coup. Seven of them applied for asylum and were rejected, but have been kept in protective custody.
The suspects are believed to have ties to U.S-based cleric Fetullah Gulen, whom Ankara blames for orchestrating the failed coup in July 2016.