The rapid development of services such as mobile broadband, 4K streaming media, and high-speed course-grained
private line services significantly impacts metro networks.
Among the trends reported in this year's review are complex systems required course-grained
theoretical methods, biological problems in protein folding, detecting nano-domains in living systems, and fluctuation correlation spectroscopy problems.
Building on SOA principles, XML and Web Services, SOII approaches information integration in a loosely coupled, course-grained
, standards-based, asynchronous manner that avoids the costs and technology constraints of traditional integration methods like ETL, EAI or BPI.