court-martial

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court-martial:

see military lawmilitary law,
system of rules established for the government of persons in the armed forces. In most countries the legislature establishes the code of military law. It is distinguished from both martial law (rule by domestic military forces over an area) and military government
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References in periodicals archive ?
First Lieutenant (1LT) Arthur Murray, a Field Artillery officer stationed at Fort Leavenworth, wrote "Instructions for Courts-Martial and Judge Advocates," which was published as Circular No.
For readers who enjoy such details, there are few non-fiction books that match Englade's skill at describing the courts-martial process.
professionalism of courts-martial, in conjunction with an overburdened
The UCMJ authorizes three types of courts-martial: (1) summary
The charges were referred to the courts-martial on November 17, 2008, following the conclusion of an Article 32 investigation that began August 28 at the Rose Barracks Courthouse in Vilseck, Germany, according to the statement.
Nonetheless, Baker, a black soldier accused of committing grave crimes, received due process, an opportunity for defense counsel, and questioned both a white officer and fellow African Americans--a level of procedural fairness surprisingly typical of general courts-martial of black soldiers.
(9) The 1968 revisions were particularly substantial, including changing the old "law officer" position to the office of military judge, authorizing judge-alone courts-martial, and fundamentally reforming the special court-martial to require, in almost all instances, a lawyer to serve as the defense counsel and a military judge to preside.
Bradley said papers about the UCMJ and the Manual for Courts-Martial during different eras in American history also are of interest.
(For those more familiar with khaki than Air Force blue, the equivalent would be the General Officer Commanding.) Usually of air vice- marshal rank, he was the convening officer for courts-martial, and formally responsible for appointing the members of the court.
The paperback Manual for Courts-Martial (MCM) used by judge advocates, legal administrators, paralegals and civilian practitioners today has been in existence for twenty years.
contains the Rules for Courts-Martial (RCM), the Military Rules of
Article 19, UCMJ, "jurisdiction of special courts-martial," provides in pertinent part: "[S]pecial courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this chapter for any noncapital offense made punishable by this chapter, and, under such regulations as the President may prescribe, for capital offenses." Rule for Courts-Martial [hereinafter R.C.M.] 201(f)(2)(C), a regulation prescribed by the President, withholds jurisdiction over mandatory capital cases from special courts-martial, but does provide for jurisdiction over non-mandatory capital offenses under two circumstances: (1) when permitted by an "officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction over the command which includes the accused"; and (2) when authorized by regulation by the Secretary concerned.