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A sequence of behavioral patterns that eventually may lead to completed mating.



in ornithology, special behavior at the beginning of the mating period by which the male or female bird attracts an individual of the other sex and by which the birds are brought to a state of readiness for mating. Courtship is a form of animal communication and is expressed in various ways. It may involve singing, special flights, the adoption of special poses to display brightly colored plumage, the construction of false nests, or fights and “tournaments.” Courtship behavior is especially characteristic of polygamous species, for example, the black grouse. The males gather together in special areas away from the females. In the rare case of polyandry, as seen in phalaropes, the female courts the male. Among monogamous species the male courts the female.

References in periodicals archive ?
At the time, Radar Online reported that the self-classified photographer and business owner had been "close friends" with the Duggar for many years but did not follow their strict courtship guidelines.
Through the study of pre-courtship and courtship behavior, a sex pheromone was described and used to monitor the Diatraea and Eoreuma genera (David & Birch 1989; Osorio & Cibrian-Tovar 2000a; Hummel et al.
Three of four responses were after the palpal drumming of males and long courtships (approximately 1 hour), and one response was before the male initiates courtship.
In the study, author Ted Huston, professor of human ecology at the University of Texas, concludes that 'the central task of courtship is for the two partners to make a sound choice, to be drawn into marriage for reasons that will prove out over the long haul.
Examining her courtships and relationships more closely and into the body of the work might have yielded further insights into her attitudes toward marriage.
In short-horned grasshoppers (Acridoidea), species belonging to the subfamily Gomphocerinae are particularly well known for the highly elaborate courtship songs of the males (Faber 1929, 1953; Jacobs 1953; Elsner 1974; Helversen 1986; Vedenina & Helversen 2009).
n = total number of courtships where the behavioral unit took place; the mean is the number of bouts per courtship of all males.
At the same time that Austen has inverted ritual death, she recognizes its function in the courtship narrative: it signals the redirection of the courtships underway.
Ilona Bell set out to write a book about John Donne and the Elizabethan female lyric audience, but ended up writing a book on the Renaissance poetry of courtship and the sometimes implicit, sometimes obvious voice of women in that poetry.
It is certainly the most important work on courtship and matchmaking in early modern England to have been published since Martin Ingram's Church Courts, Sex and Marriage in England, 1570-1640 (Cambridge, 1987).
Wright described the courtship between giraffes as ``sweet and elegant'' and explained that the male and the female dance around each other, he follows her and lovingly rubs her neck.
Bell argues that the female readers of love poetry--in some cases actual women and in other cases figures for women embedded within courtship poetry--are active forces within these literary works.