cover crop

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cover crop,

green temporary crop grown to prevent or reduce erosion and to improve the soil by building up its organic content. Green-manure crops, which are specifically grown for their organic content and other feature that enable them to improve the soil, but which may be composted before being incorporated into the soil, are usually classed as cover crops. In orchards a cover crop is sometimes used to check the growth of some fruits when they reach maturity by supplying a plant that will compete with the tree for the nutriment in the soil. Cover crops are often the first means used to rehabilitate land that has become run down as the result of poor farming practices and neglect. Leguminous plants (e.g., clovers, vetches, and soybeans) and nonleguminous (e.g., rye, barley, wheat, and turnips) are used. See also catch cropcatch crop,
any quick-growing crop sown between seasons of regular planting to make use of temporary idleness of the soil or to compensate for the failure of a main crop.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Research at the center includes insect and herbicide trials, cover crops, pumpkins and variety trials for corn, soybeans, sorghum and wheat.
The ground cover crop scheme aims to increase biodiversity and wildlife on farms
"Our hope is that understanding the complementary relationship between cover crops and herbicides can lead to new weed control strategies that slow the development of herbicide resistance," said John M Wallace, Pennsylvania State University.
Starting from May 2016, cover crop impact on tree growth was measured by counting the number of maple shoots (branch tips) at the time of maple shoot borer and maple leaftier damage evaluations.
So it goes with cover crops. Sure, I've tossed a little buckwheat here, and a little cereal rye there, and I've planted clovers and grasses beneath grazing corn that would become pasture after I strip-grazed the heifers on that corn.
Buckwheat is a warm weather cover crop that matures in six to eight weeks.
Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have found a cost-saving strategy for cotton growers in Alabama who use cover crops.
The CT system (Table 4), regardless of the cover crop, obtained the highest resistance to penetration in the layer of 0.10-0.20 m, statistically differing from DS, which can be explained by the depth and mode of action of each implement.
Cover crop species have different degrees of competition with vines for soil resources such as water and nutrients.
In Brief: USDA scientists in Tifton, Georgia, are providing guidance to growers by showing that strip tillage and cover crops are important practices for reducing erosion from sandy soils in the southeastern United States and for enhancing soil quality.