cowpox


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Related to cowpox: cowpox vaccine

cowpox,

infectious disease of cows caused by a virus related to the virus of smallpox. Also called variola, it is characterized by pustular lesions on the teats and udder. Cowpox is transmitted by contact, inducing a mild infection of the hands in persons who milk infected cows. The fact that such persons had immunity to smallpox led Edward JennerJenner, Edward,
1749–1823, English physician; pupil of John Hunter. His invaluable experiments beginning in 1796 with the vaccination of eight-year-old James Phipps proved that cowpox provided immunity against smallpox.
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 to attempt vaccinationvaccination,
means of producing immunity against pathogens, such as viruses and bacteria, by the introduction of live, killed, or altered antigens that stimulate the body to produce antibodies against more dangerous forms.
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 with this virus, instead of using the dangerous method of vaccinating with material from the sores of smallpox. Jenner's method was successful and is the basis of the modern vaccination against smallpox. Horses and sheep may contract a similar disease.

cowpox

[′kau̇‚päks]
(veterinary medicine)

cowpox

a contagious viral disease of cows characterized by vesicles on the skin, esp on the teats and udder. Inoculation of humans with this virus provides temporary immunity to smallpox. It can be transmitted to other species, esp cats
References in periodicals archive ?
Epidemiologic investigation and clinical manifestations raised concerns that cowpox or tularemia were likely etiologies.
"A total of 29 laboratory reports of cowpox were received by the PHLS communicable disease surveillance centre between 1975 and 1992 (with a range of 0 to 4 reports annually)."
After seeing their GP, they were sent straight to the Countess of Chester Hospital, where he was diagnosed with cowpox.
A teenage boy caught rare cowpox after calves nibbled on his hands while he was feeding them ANDY TEEBAY
'Edward Jenner's innovations, begun with his successful 1796 use of cowpox material to create immunity to smallpox, quickly made the practice widespread.
Vaccine comes from the Latin for cow, vacca, as Dr Edward Jenner is famously said to have used the cowpox virus to inoculate an eight-year-old boy, his gardener's son, against deadly smallpox in one of the most ethically dubious, but successful, experiments in history.
The report highlights prevalence of disease and seems to be the first report of pseudo cowpox in northwestern part of Bihar.
(8) After making its way to Europe in the mid-18th century, this practice would fall into disfavor in 1796 when Edward Jenner developed a new method of preventing smallpox after observing that the less harmful cowpox virus, often contracted by milkmaids, could impart lasting immunity to smallpox.
Pancras, showing cowpox vaccine being administered.
Summary: The Agriculture Ministry announced Friday that it is following up on a suspected outbreak of cowpox that was found in bovine in north Lebanon's Akkar.
Toward the end of the 18 th century, the English physician Edward Jenner set about investigating the truth of the folk wisdom that people such as dairymaids who contracted cowpox thereby gained immunity from smallpox, a much more serious disease.
On June 25, 2015, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended routine vaccination with live smallpox (vaccinia) vaccine (ACAM2000) for laboratory personnel who directly handle 1) cultures or 2) animals contaminated or infected with replication-competent vaccinia virus, recombinant vaccinia viruses derived from replicationcompetent vaccinia strains (i.e., those that are capable of causing clinical infection and producing infectious virus in humans), or other orthopoxviruses that infect humans (e.g., monkeypox, cowpox, and variola) (recommendation category: A, evidence type 2 [Box]).