cramp


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.
Related to cramp: Menstrual cramp

cramp,

painful uncontrollable contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. The type that results from cold, strain, or disturbance of circulation (as experienced by swimmers) is eased by massage and the application of heat. Cramp in the abdominal or skeletal muscles brought on by hard physical exertion in extremely high temperatures (e.g., in miners, stokers, or firemen) because of loss of salt from the body during profuse perspiration can last for hours or days if untreated. Such cramps are considered to be a type of heat exhaustionheat exhaustion,
condition caused by overexposure to sunlight or another heat source and resulting in dehydration and salt depletion, also known as heat prostration. The symptoms are severe headaches, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and sometimes unconsciousness.
..... Click the link for more information.
. A cool atmosphere and the replacement of salt and water orally or intravenously is required, and application of heat is not recommended. Heat cramps in persons who do heavy labor can be prevented by the addition of salt to drinking water or by taking salt tablets. Contraction of muscles in a hollow organ is known as coliccolic,
intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or
..... Click the link for more information.
. A stitch in the side is due to a cramp in the muscles between the ribs.

cramp

[kramp]
(design engineering)
A metal plate with bent ends used to hold blocks together.
(medicine)
Painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle, such as a leg or foot cramp that may occur in normal individuals at night or in swimming.
Any cramplike pain, as of the intestine, or that accompanying dysmenorrhea.
Spasm of certain muscles, which may be intermittent or constant, from excessive use.

cramp

cramp, 1
1. A U-shaped metal fastening to hold adjacent units of masonry together, as in a

cramp

1
1. a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2. temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group
3. severe abdominal pain

cramp

2
1. a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2. a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
References in periodicals archive ?
Theraworx is a clinically proven and published solution to reduce and prevent refractory symptoms associated with restless leg syndrome and nocturnal cramps and spasms for the over 50 million daily with a true antispasmodic, muscle relaxant mechanism of action.
They can occur for no apparent reason and are known as idiopathic leg cramps.
I know this is an old-fashioned one, but drinking a glass of water with half a teaspoon of salt in it before going to bed can sometimes help to remedy any night cramps.
So when he came to England for a visit, the Royal Marines Association and his daughters arranged for him to meet 42 Commando at Bickleigh Barracks in Devon - where Mr Cramp used to be based as an instructor.
Several studies found vitamin E was effective for cramp prevention.
2)As you get older the risk of muscle cramps increases.
I first met Elizabeth Cramp about 20 years ago when we were both involved with The Friends of the Graham Sutherland Gallery in Picton, and I was struck with her wit and impressed that she was always so dedicated to art," she says.
Age is also thought to play a factor in that as we age, the tendons which connect muscles to bone actually shorten - if they become too short, cramp can occur.
Describe factors that contribute to leg cramps for patients receiving hemodialysis
The rules were that you couldn't have a runner if you have cramp and then they changed it to you can have a runner if you have cramp a couple of months ago," said Strauss.
The charley horse is an apt name for muscle cramps, which can be as painful as a horse's kick.