cramp


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Related to cramp: Menstrual cramp

cramp,

painful uncontrollable contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. The type that results from cold, strain, or disturbance of circulation (as experienced by swimmers) is eased by massage and the application of heat. Cramp in the abdominal or skeletal muscles brought on by hard physical exertion in extremely high temperatures (e.g., in miners, stokers, or firemen) because of loss of salt from the body during profuse perspiration can last for hours or days if untreated. Such cramps are considered to be a type of heat exhaustionheat exhaustion,
condition caused by overexposure to sunlight or another heat source and resulting in dehydration and salt depletion, also known as heat prostration. The symptoms are severe headaches, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and sometimes unconsciousness.
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. A cool atmosphere and the replacement of salt and water orally or intravenously is required, and application of heat is not recommended. Heat cramps in persons who do heavy labor can be prevented by the addition of salt to drinking water or by taking salt tablets. Contraction of muscles in a hollow organ is known as coliccolic,
intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or
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. A stitch in the side is due to a cramp in the muscles between the ribs.

cramp

[kramp]
(design engineering)
A metal plate with bent ends used to hold blocks together.
(medicine)
Painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle, such as a leg or foot cramp that may occur in normal individuals at night or in swimming.
Any cramplike pain, as of the intestine, or that accompanying dysmenorrhea.
Spasm of certain muscles, which may be intermittent or constant, from excessive use.

cramp

cramp, 1
1. A U-shaped metal fastening to hold adjacent units of masonry together, as in a

cramp

1
1. a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2. temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group
3. severe abdominal pain

cramp

2
1. a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2. a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
References in periodicals archive ?
"I had to take Bascopan to ease the pain of the cramps because I could not do anything at all," she says.
Preventing cramps Regular calf-stretching exercises might not fully prevent cramps, but may help to reduce them.
Seven percent of pediatric patients also experience muscle cramps and spasms, and our topical, locally acting solution Theraworx Relief is a safe option.
There are several reasons that can cause muscle cramps, including exercising, injury, or overuse of muscles, or exposure to cold temperatures, medical conditions, such as blood flow problems, kidney disease, thyroid disease, and multiple sclerosis, or potassium, calcium, and other mineral deficiency in the blood.
What are the mechanisms that prevent the expansion and keep a cramp localized to a single muscle rather than spread ephaptically, directly across adjacent nerve fiber membranes, to neighboring muscles?
Mind you, when I checked the NHS website it says one reason for getting such cramps is pregnancy.
Aetiology of night cramp The condition tends to occur in the older age group, and perhaps for that reason is confused with the pain of intermittent claudication.
Surviving this, and the war, with barely a scratch Mr Cramp gave back all his kit when he retired including his green beret.
Sympathetic nervous system response to volume stress was found to be more marked in patients with frequent hemodialysis-associated cramps than in patients who cramp infrequently (Sidhorn et al., 1994).
2)As you get older the risk of muscle cramps increases.
A The cramps occur when the muscle of the bowel contracts too hard, often around pockets of gas within it.