cramp

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Related to cramps: Menstrual cramps, Leg cramps

cramp,

painful uncontrollable contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. The type that results from cold, strain, or disturbance of circulation (as experienced by swimmers) is eased by massage and the application of heat. Cramp in the abdominal or skeletal muscles brought on by hard physical exertion in extremely high temperatures (e.g., in miners, stokers, or firemen) because of loss of salt from the body during profuse perspiration can last for hours or days if untreated. Such cramps are considered to be a type of heat exhaustionheat exhaustion,
condition caused by overexposure to sunlight or another heat source and resulting in dehydration and salt depletion, also known as heat prostration. The symptoms are severe headaches, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and sometimes unconsciousness.
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. A cool atmosphere and the replacement of salt and water orally or intravenously is required, and application of heat is not recommended. Heat cramps in persons who do heavy labor can be prevented by the addition of salt to drinking water or by taking salt tablets. Contraction of muscles in a hollow organ is known as coliccolic,
intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or
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. A stitch in the side is due to a cramp in the muscles between the ribs.

cramp

[kramp]
(design engineering)
A metal plate with bent ends used to hold blocks together.
(medicine)
Painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle, such as a leg or foot cramp that may occur in normal individuals at night or in swimming.
Any cramplike pain, as of the intestine, or that accompanying dysmenorrhea.
Spasm of certain muscles, which may be intermittent or constant, from excessive use.

cramp

cramp, 1
1. A U-shaped metal fastening to hold adjacent units of masonry together, as in a

cramp

1
1. a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2. temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group
3. severe abdominal pain

cramp

2
1. a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2. a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
References in periodicals archive ?
A (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30362994) March 2019 study , conducted by researchers from the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology of JA Hiroshima General Hospital in Hatsukaichi, Japan, also found that muscle cramps are also relatively prevalent in patients with chronic liver disease.
It's uncomfortable but definitely better than cramps," she says.
When to see your GP See your doctor if leg cramps are disturbing your sleep and you also have numbness or swelling in your legs.
Theraworx Relief is a clinically proven and published solution to reduce and prevent refractory symptoms associated with such ailments as nocturnal cramps and spasms with a true antispasmodic, muscle relaxant mechanism of action.
"Instead of self-medicating or just skipping out on everyday activities, you can turn to yoga to soothe aches and pain to regenerate the lost energy and to get rid of the cramps," said Yogacharya Bhaskar Malik, Anytime Fitness India.
1. Stretch and massage your muscles that have been affected by the cramps.
What to do: Don't expect magnesium supplements to keep you from getting leg cramps at night.
If you frequently get leg cramps or cramping continues despite stretching your calves, see your doctor to help determine the cause.
Measures that can be taken to relieve leg cramps include stretching the muscle by dorsiflexing the foot upward towards the body and wrapping a warm, moist towel around the leg muscle.
Repeated muscle twitches often occur before the onset of muscle cramps, with simultaneous and continuous discharges of several motor units resulting in full-blown muscle cramps (11,15,18).
He returned to play and later on complained about cramps in his left and right calf that prevented him bowling further in the match.
According to the NHS, three out of four cramps occur at night during sleep.