crane fly

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Related to crane fly: Daddy long legs

crane fly

crane fly, true fly resembling a mosquito, often called daddy longlegs because of its six long, delicate legs. (The harvestman, also called daddy longlegs, belongs to an unrelated order.) Most species of crane flies have a single pair of wings and slender bodies. They feed upon plant substances and frequent damp places in pastures and meadows. Crane flies belong to the phylum Arthropoda, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Tipulidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Crane Fly


(Tipula paludosa), an insect of the family Tipulidae. The adult crane fly resembles the gray mosquito and is 20-24 mm long. Its eggs are about 1 mm long, oval, black, and shiny, and its larvae are 30-35 mm long, legless, and cylindrical. The crane fly is widespread in North America and Europe. It is found everywhere in the USSR and injures mainly flax in the humid regions of the European Soviet Union, especially flax growing on moist peaty soils. It is less destructive to hemp, peas, potatoes, corn, barley, oats, buckwheat, and vegetables. There is one generation a year. The crane fly lays its eggs in the soil. The larvae live and winter in the soil where they feed on roots and dead parts of plants. In the spring they gnaw at the roots and stems of young plants and at leaves close to the ground, severely thinning out the crops. Control methods include drainage of bogs, deep fall plowing, poison bait, and treatment of crops with insecticides.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

crane fly

any dipterous fly of the family Tipulidae, having long legs, slender wings, and a narrow body
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A new crane fly species was discovered in western Michigan in 2009.
It was a crane fly, or "mosquito hawk." These members of the family Tipulidae do not suck blood or carry human disease:
Crane fly larvae, known as leatherjackets, live in the ground and are a pest for gardeners as they damage lawns.
As we stand, I am increasingly confident that, give or take the odd inescapable wobble, this bull market has more legs than a crane fly.
Crane Fly Larvae (leather jackets) have thrived and created bare patches in many lawns particularly new lawns.
The parasitoids are two species of the big-headed fly family Pipunculidae and all known hosts belong to the more primitive crane fly family Tipulidae.
The cause of "unstable areas" in the home straight was not known, but officials maintained there was nothing to suggest another infestation of leatherjackets - the larval stage of the crane fly, or daddy long-legs - which resulted in the loss of two fixtures at the track in September 2005.
Although lightly fished this week visiting rods at Cow Green have enjoyed some fast surface sport as the lively wild browns continued to feed hard on crane fly and sedge.
"They then make a cocoon and emerge as the adult daddy long legs or crane fly."