cranial nerve


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cranial nerve

[′krān·ē·əl ′nərv]
(neuroscience)
Any of the paired nerves which arise in the brainstem of vertebrates and pass to peripheral structures through openings in the skull.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is quite challenging to image of the cranial nerves as they are small with complex anatomy and cannot be easily distinguished from surrounding soft tissues (13,14).
Basal fracture of the skull and lower (IX, X, XI, XII) cranial nerves palsy: four case reports including two fractures of the occipital condyle--a literature review.
Multiple cranial nerve involvement can be seen in atypical RHS, and herpetic lesions, which are essential for the diagnosis of RHS, can appear after cranial neuropathy.
Despite reports of cranial neuropathy, including higher rates of facial palsy, ophthalmoplegia, and dysphagia, we observed no substantial pathologic findings in the patient's cranial nerves I, II, III, V, VI, or VII.
Isolated bilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy is extremely rare cranial nerve palsy secondary to pyogenic meningitis.
Robles, "Cranial nerve paralysis after spinal anesthesia," Northwest Medicine, vol.
8 patients had combinations of cranial nerve palsy in the form of unilateral 3, 4, 6 nerves' involvement.
The masticator space (MS) contains muscles of mastication (medial and lateral pterygoid, masseter, and temporalis), ramus of the mandible and the third division of the cranial nerve V (Figure 10A).
For those with cranial nerve palsies without clinical evidence of meningitis, doxycycline, amoxicillin, and cefuroxime are all considered appropriate treatment modalities [8].
The disorder presents with varying phenotype and severity resulting in unilateral or bilateral paralysis of facial and abducens cranial nerve.
Much rarer primary tumors are schwannomas of other cranial nerves: of the trigeminal nerve, of the facial nerve, or of the caudal cranial nerves; paragangliomas, chordomas, chordosarcomas, arachnoid or neurenteric cysts, dermoid tumors, and metastases5.
Patients usually present with headache, auditory or visual deficits, and lower cranial nerve palsies.