craniectomy

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craniectomy

[krā·nē·′ek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of strips or pieces of the cranial bones.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this retrospective observational study, we collected 118 sets of preoperative and postoperative brain computed tomography (CT) images from patients who underwent craniectomies between April 2009 and April 2011 at the National Taiwan University Hospital.
Of the one hundred forty seven cases of posterior fossa surgeries, retrosigmoid suboccipital posterior fossa craniectomies were carried out in seventy cases.
Traditionally strip craniectomies with more stress on soft tissue work were done in the country.5 However, UlHaq et al.
Craniectomies larger than 12 cm as in our study less likely to cause effects of external cerebral herniation such as cortical vein compression and cortical laceration resulting in venous infarction of herniated brain tissue and cortical damage.
In contrast, the present series comprised all decompressive craniectomies performed in our unit, regardless of the initial clinical state.
Procedures vary and may consist of uni- or bilateral subtemporal decompressions, hemispheric craniectomies, circumferential craniectomy, or bifrontal craniectomy (Kochanek et al., 2012).
In the two cases at University of New Mexico (3), both patients required small surgical craniectomies for removal of skull and TASER fragment.
Even in brain death, the notion of irreversibility can be questioned, given the theoretical availability of decompressive craniectomies to prevent the pressure-related arrest of brain blood flow in refractory intracranial hypertension.
Decompressive craniectomies involve the removal of part of a patient's skull to allow a swelling brain room to expand without being squeezed.
Responses to the question on the utilization of decompressive craniectomies were received from 55.6% of respondents.