sunfish

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sunfish

sunfish, common name for members of the family Centrachidae, comprising numerous species of spiny-finned, freshwater fishes with deep, laterally flattened bodies found in temperate North America. All members of the family, which includes the black basses (genus Micropterus) and the crappies (genus Pomoxis), prefer fertile lakes with firm bottoms and build nests, which the males guard pugnaciously. The sunfishes, or breams, genus Lepomis, are smaller (1-4 lb/.14 kg average) members indigenous to E North America but successfully introduced in the West. Common eastern varieties are the the bluegill and green sunfishes, and the longear and common, or pumpkinseed, sunfishes, brilliantly colored with bright orange bellies. The redear and warmouth sunfishes are found in the Mississippi basin; the spotted sunfish, or stumpknocker, is a denizen of the South. The Sacramento perch, Archoplites interruptus, a native western sunfish, has been widely introduced in the W United States. The rock bass, genus Ambloplites, is indigenous to E North America. The black basses, the most important and valuable of American freshwater game fishes, are longer bodied and larger (averaging 2–3 lb/.9–1.4 kg); they include the largemouth and smallmouth black basses and the spotted bass. The crappies are the largest sunfishes, attaining a length of 1 ft (2.5 cm) and a weight of 2 lb (.9 kg). There are two species, the white crappie (P. annularis) and the black crappie or calico bass (P. nigromaculatus). The pigmy sunfishes, rarely over 11-2 in. (3.8 cm) long, bear an uncertain relationship to the family and are classed separately (family Elassomatidae). The totally unrelated ocean sunfish, or headfish, Mola mola, of the family Molidae, is allied to the puffer. Sunfishes are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Centrachidae.
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sunfish

[′sən‚fish]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several species of marine and freshwater fishes in the families Centrarchidae and Molidae characterized by brilliant metallic skin coloration.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

sunfish

1. any large plectognath fish of the family Molidae, of temperate and tropical seas, esp Mola mola, which has a large rounded compressed body, long pointed dorsal and anal fins, and a fringelike tail fin
2. any of various small predatory North American freshwater percoid fishes of the family Centrarchidae, typically having a compressed brightly coloured body
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Reagan introduced me to Andy Lehman, owner and developer of ACC Crappie Stix (ACC stands for Andy's Crappie Company).
Croix has a new 7-foot crappie rod in the Panfish Series that's phenomenal.
Black crappie--also known as speckled perch or speck--is a popular game species and the only crappie variety native to Florida.
The boys are catching lots of crappies, 11 to 15 inches, and some nice perch, lately.
In the episode, brothers Crappie Killa' and Westbred Diamond talk in-depth about the inception of N.O.D.R.
The course features a catfish kickoff day, according to Crappie University founder Gary White.
When sportsmen aren't setting out trotlines to catch stringers full of Mississippi River catfish, they are chunking the newest worm color and reeling in a Lake Ferguson largemouth bass or jerking up a mess of Lake Washington crappie with a cricket and a cane pole.
With regard to selecting the appropriate poundage for your line, 10-pound line is typical for bass fishing (meaning 10 pounds is the weight at which the line will break), and 4- or 6-pound line is typical for crappie. When farm pond fishing, don't feel obligated to use entirely different setups for fishing multiple species.
Black crappie fishing regulations for most "Family Fishing Lakes" dictate a 30 fish daily bag limit (combined white and black crappies) and a 254 mm statewide minimum length limit.
At early ice most bluegill, crappie and bass will be shallow relating to the green weeds.
Brian Cofske is a crappie fisherman - one of the best in Massachusetts.
"Crappie Fly-Fishing: A Seasonal Approach" is a guide to catching the most of this common yet delectable fish for those who believe there is something to quantity of the catch as well as the quality.