craps


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dice

, in games and gambling
dice [plural of die], small cubes used in games. They are usually made of ivory, bone, wood, plastic, or similar materials. The six sides are numbered by dots from 1 to 6, so placed that the sum of the dots on opposite sides equals 7. Dice much like those used today were found in ancient Egyptian tombs and in the ruins of Babylon. The playing of dice was popular in Greece and even more so in Rome, and dice were used throughout the Middle Ages. In the simplest form of play with dice each player throws, or shoots, for the highest sum. The most popular dice game in the United States is called craps. It is played with two dice; the underlying principle of the game is the fact that the most probable throw is a 7. On the first throw, if a player shoots 7 or 11 (called a natural) he wins and throws again, but if he shoots 2, 3, or 12 (called craps) he loses. If he shoots 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 that number becomes his point, and he continues to shoot until he makes his point, in which case he wins and retains the dice, or until he shoots a 7, in which case he loses and relinquishes the dice to the next player. Bets may be placed against the thrower or, in side bets, in favor of him. In gambling halls all bets are made with the house either for or against. There are numerous other dice games.

Bibliography

See studies by J. Scarne and C. Rawson (rev. ed. 1962) and H. A. Heritage (1969).

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craps

1. a gambling game using two dice, in which a player wins the bet if 7 or 11 is thrown first, and loses if 2, 3, or 12 is thrown
2. shoot craps to play this game
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The probability of winning (Pr (winning)) a pass line bet in craps is a combination of the come out roll and all subsequent rolls.
Larry Edell, author of How to Make a Living Playing Craps calls this the most popular bet on the table.
As only an occasional gambler, I'm usually intimidated from playing relatively complicated games such as craps (where wrong moves can bring down the wrath of pit bosses and fellow gamblers alike) and from staying at blackjack tables as the minimum bets rise over the course of an evening.
Recalling his eye-rolling night playing craps with the hard-gambling Arizona senator, Lane, CEO and editor-in-chief of Doubledown Media and editor-at-large for The Daily Beast, said he encountered the senator at the end of 2005 at the American Magazine Conference at the El Conquistador hotel in Puerto Rico.
Buchbinder said Weprin enjoyed going to the races "but we never enjoyed winning." Their stable was named the Hundred Horn Stable - after the craps bet, while their remaining horse is called Fit For Nothing.
Craps is a dice game in which players place wagers on the outcome of the roll, or a series of rolls, of a pair of dice.
I also realized that crap is a delightful word that I had taken for granted too long.