creed

(redirected from creedal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to creedal: chastener

creed

[Lat. credo=I believe], summary of basic doctrines of faith. The following are historically important Christian creeds.

1 The Nicene Creed, beginning, "I believe in one God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible, and in one Lord Jesus Christ … ." It is usually described as a revision by the First Council of Constantinople (381) of the creed adopted at Nicaea in 325. In the Western Church since the 9th cent. it has differed from the original by the addition of the Filioque clause: "And in the Holy Ghost … Who proceedeth from the Father and the Son … ." ("qui ex Patre Filioque procedit … ."). Over this addition there has been a long controversy between the Orthodox Eastern and Roman Catholic churches. The Nicene Creed is a traditionally authoritative creed of Orthodox Eastern, Roman Catholic, and some Protestant churches.

2 The Athanasian CreedAthanasian Creed
, exact, elaborate Roman Catholic statement on the Trinity and the Incarnation. It is no longer believed to have been written by Athanasius, but rather by an unknown Western author of the 6th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was probably composed, not by Athanasius himself, but by an unknown author(s) in the fifth cent. It is a partial statement of doctrine dealing especially with the Trinity and the Incarnation.

3 The Apostles' Creed, beginning, "I believe in God the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth. And in Jesus Christ … ." It does not appear in its present form before 650, but its predecessors probably arose in Rome in the 2d or 3d cent. It has two material differences from the Nicene Creed: the phrase, "He descended into hell," is omitted in the Nicene, and the words "resurrection of the body" are changed to "resurrection of the dead" in the Nicene. It is used by Roman Catholics at various daily services and at baptism; it is also much used by Protestants.

4 The Augsburg Confession (1530), the official statement of the Lutheran churches. It was mainly the work of Philip Melanchthon and was endorsed by Martin Luther for the Diet of Augsburg.

5 The Thirty-nine Articles, which are official in the Church of England. They date in their present form from Elizabeth I's reign, when they were written by a group of bishops. They are Calvinistic in theological emphasis and enounce clearly the royal supremacy in the Church of England. They are included, with occasional modifications, in the prayer books of other churches of the Anglican Communion, including that of the Episcopal Church of the United States.

6 The Westminster Confession (1645–47), the most celebrated pronouncement of English-speaking Calvinism. It is official in the Church of Scotland, with occasional changes in most of its daughter churches (usually Presbyterian) and among Congregationalists.

Bibliography

See J. H. Leith, Creeds of the Churches (1963, repr. 1973); J. N. D. Kelly, Early Christian Creeds (1981); W. H. C. Frend, ed., Creeds, Councils and Controversies (1989).

Creed (Christian)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The word "creed" comes from the Latin credo, which means, "I believe." It is a concise statement of faith or beliefs held by a religious institution, outlining and clarifying that which sets the institution apart from others.

The Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed, and the Westminster Confession are just three examples of the many creeds developed to define the Christian Church or an individual tradition within it.

There are many Christian traditions, Baptists and Quakers being only two, that do not promote the use of creeds. But the majority of Christian denominations, being so influenced by Greek, systematic thought, use creedal formulas, which new members are expected to affirm when being baptized or confirmed.

creed

1. a concise, formal statement of the essential articles of Christian belief, such as the Apostles' Creed or the Nicene Creed
2. any statement or system of beliefs or principles
References in periodicals archive ?
It has been suggested that the real problem is that Pentecostals do not have an ecclesiology, (49) although that is to presume that the church has to have an institutional, sacramental, or creedal shape.
Introducing readers to a wealth of informative research and study drawn from historical, biblical, and creedal analysis, Jesus, The Bible, And Homosexuality provides a complete representation of Christian ministerial responsibilities for homosexuals.
To Hart, a staunch Catholic, evangelicalism actually goes against real conservatism: "[E]vangelicalism's focus on individual experience--the 'personal relationship' with Jesus as savior--works precisely against creedal Christiania, with its structure of dogma and authority.
In a way, then, the two books really are united in their concern about creedal over-reliance or disharmony.
For example, against the opening creedal statement of "I believe," he lays Robert Zemeckis' popular science fiction film, Contact as an inquiry into an experience of faith resting on the secular foundation of modernity.
Tax aid for faith-based schools, through vouchers or tuition tax credits (tax-code vouchers) or some other mechanism, would wreck democratic public education; increasingly replace education with sectarian and ideological indoctrination; drive educational costs up and overall quality down; favor larger religious groups over all others; fragment our school population along creedal, class, ethnic, ideological, and other lines; and show contempt for the voters who in twenty-five separate referenda from coast to coast since 1967 rejected vouchers or their analogues by two to one.
But it also had the salutary effect of accelerating "the process of bringing this creedal nation into closer conformity to its creed.
As all of the religions in the United States begin to resemble each other in practice, they do so by resembling most those evangelicals" without strong liturgical or creedal traditions.
The stories range from a creedal Christian perspective to a spiritual Judeo-Christian perspective, each offering a faith history of sorts, how the teacher knows religion and shares that knowing with students.
Briefly stated, there I draw a finer distinction between a theoretical opposition to a state church and opposition to a church that is formalized and unregenerate, suggest how Bunyan did in fact become increasingly creedal and sacramental in his later years, and explain how conversion-oriented preaching by a Calvinist is not "pastoral Arminianism" (as Greaves often teams Bunyan's homiletic style) but a function of trust that God will bring increase to the gospel-watering of souls according to a providentially good, if ultimately inscrutable, will.
At the very least, they should be suspicious of their own creedal passions and be tough-minded, as Dalrymple is, when analyzing ground-level realities.
The edible replaces the spiritual as Pulci carnivalizes religion as well as nobility: points of creedal doctrine are reduced to a menu of victuals.