creole


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Related to creole: Cajun

creole

(crē`ōl), Span. criollo (crēōl`yō) [probably from crío=child], term originally applied in West Indies to the native-born descendants of the Spanish conquerors. The term has since been applied to certain descendants in the West Indies and the American continents of French, Portuguese, and Spanish settlers. The creoles were distinguished from the natives, the blacks, and from people born in Europe. A sharp distinction of interest always lay between the creoles, whose chief devotion was to the colony, and the foreign-born officials, whose devotion was to the mother country. Never precise, the term acquired various meanings in different countries. It has biological and cultural connotations. The term was early adopted in the United States in Louisiana, where it is still used to distinguish the descendants of the original French settlers from the Cajuns, who are at least partially descended from the Acadian exiles. The word is also commonly applied to things native to the New World, such as creole cuisine and creole horses. The term is also used in places distant from the Americas, such as the island of Mauritius, but there it has lost much of its original meaning. The picturesque life of the Louisiana creoles has been ably depicted in the works of Lafcadio Hearn, George Washington Cable, and Grace King.

Bibliography

See F. J. Woods, Marginality and Identity (1972).

creole

a language that has its origin in extended contact between two language communities, one of which is generally European. It incorporates features from each and constitutes the mother tongue of a community

Creole

1. in the Caribbean and Latin America
a. a native-born person of European, esp Spanish, ancestry
b. a native-born person of mixed European and African ancestry who speaks a French or Spanish creole
c. a native-born Black person as distinguished from one brought from Africa
2. (in Louisiana and other Gulf States of the US) a native-born person of French ancestry
3. the creolized French spoken in Louisiana, esp in New Orleans
References in periodicals archive ?
1) See Sarah Roberts, "Nativization in the genesis of Hawaiian Creole," in John H.
Currently, the word Creole also has an ethnic meaning: it can mean a mixed-race people--people also known historically as mulatto, griffe, quadroon, or octoroon--and these are persons who perhaps speak Creole and who generally have the same religion and customs as the Cajuns.
The press present were impressed by the diversity that existed in the Creole language, even though the Creole in the four speeches were understood by delegations of all the three Indian Ocean Islands.
He argues persuasively that from the early sixteenth century to the mid-eighteenth century, creoles and peninsulars collaborated and commingled at least as much as they competed, and that the purported conflict between the two groups was a late development, belonging mainly to the era of Ferdinand VI, Charles III, and Charles IV.
La partie suivante traite du statut de ce que les Reunionnais appellent la cuisine creole (4).
This article examines Saint Lucian cultural affinities vis-a-vis other places where French, French Creole and English are spoken and with which Saint Lucians' have some historical or contemporary connections and how globalization is affecting islander cultural self-identification and use of language.
Power, passion, and deception rule as readers once again enjoy a seductive immersion into Creole culture and the famed Crescent City in Arlette Gaffrey's latest novel, Behind the Columns.
By "Creole" I mean here, all at once, a specifically Mauritius sense of Creole identity (as discussed by Megan Vaughan) and also the historically ambiguous and changing senses of racial identity attached to the term's use with reference to the Americas.
He argues that she articulates a Creole consciousness, manifested in her free appropriation and use of cultural images and ideologies from both the Old World and the New World.
Only West Indians is aimed at determining the factors that shape Creole nationalism in the British West Indies.
She was named a chercher associe of the Sorbonne Nouvelle in Paris for her scholarship on Creole culture, and has received the Hopwood Award for her writing.