creole language

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Related to creole language: Pidgin language

creole language

(krēōl`), any language that began as a pidginpidgin
, a lingua franca that is not the mother tongue of anyone using it and that has a simplified grammar and a restricted, often polyglot vocabulary. The earliest documented pidgin is the Lingua Franca (or Sabir) that developed among merchants and traders in the Mediterranean
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 but was later adopted as the mother tongue by a people in place of the original mother tongue or tongues. Examples are the GullahGullah
, a creole language formerly spoken by the Gullah, an African-American community of the Sea Islands and the Middle Atlantic coast of the United States. The word is probably a corruption of the African Gola or Gora,
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 of South Carolina and Georgia (based on English), the creole of Haiti (based on French), and the Papiamento of the Netherlands possessions in the West Indies (developed from pidgin Spanish and Portuguese). Similarities among creoles worldwide have led some linguists to speculate that they share a common origin, probably Sabir (see lingua francalingua franca
, an auxiliary language, generally of a hybrid and partially developed nature, that is employed over an extensive area by people speaking different and mutually unintelligible tongues in order to communicate with one another.
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); others attribute the similarities to universal laws governing human language.


See D. Hymes, ed., Pidginization and Creolization of Languages (1971); J. Holm, Pidgins and Creoles (2 vol., 1988–89) and An Introduction to Pidgins and Creoles (2000); S. Romaine, Pidgin and Creole Languages (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
His Discours Antillais (Caribbean Discourse) discusses not only the role of Creole language in the Caribbean, but its complex and problematic political situation.
The press present were impressed by the diversity that existed in the Creole language, even though the Creole in the four speeches were understood by delegations of all the three Indian Ocean Islands.
Furthermore, Holm (2004:47) adds that "certain features of the nonstandard variety [of Brazilian Portuguese] indicate the influence of Amerindian, African, and creole languages.
This DOD-sponsored website has Haitian Creole language materials that can be downloaded from their home page.
The terms "Creole" and "creole language" refer to these languages, and the Caribbean area is indeed the paradise of creolistics: nowhere else in the world are such a large number of creole languages found, and they are spoken by almost everyone.
43) because, Creole consciousness through Creole language as a counter-hegemonic force against French departmentalization means there is hardly any possibility of coming into terms with whiteness.
I don't know how the case of pidgin-creole language resembles the inscribed identity and how to treat the existing creole language as to inscribed identity.
Furthermore, in class beforehand, we only covered a few rudiments of Creole language before these excursions.
One of the things the colonial system tried to do was wipe out the culture of the Africans, but the Africans always found ingenious ways of preserving their culture across the generations and the Creole language is a classic example.
Ephraim himself contributed a paper on Ap-ne-Ap 'Half-'n-Half', a local name for the creole language variety that later became known as Torres Strait Creole or Brokan, and he and Terry contributed a paper on case-marking in Kala Lagaw Ya.
They have remained deeply connected to the roots of African culture (including its colorful art, crafts, foods, and religious rituals) and speak a distinct, Creole language.
Swahili is not to be taken as evidence for an original Uralic lingua franca in this guilt-by-association way, simply because it does not originate in any pidgin or creole language.