crepitation


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Related to crepitation: osteorrhaphy, paradoxical motion

crepitation

[‚krep·ə′tā·shən]
(medicine)
A noise produced by the rubbing of fractured ends of bones, by cracking joints, and by pressure upon tissues containing abnormal amounts of air, as in cellular emphysema.
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Fortunately, auscultation of crepitations in phase with the cardiac cycle (Hamman's sign) and subcutaneous swelling and crepitus are specific diagnostic signs.
Daily Weekly Seldom Never Headache 10% 35% 40% 15% Locking 0% 17.5% 22.5% 60% Tiredness of the face 75% 17.5% 25% 50% Pain when opening wide 75% 45% 25% 22.5% and chewing Difficulty opening wide 7.5% 10% 32.5% 50% Clicking or popping 17.5% 22.5% 22.5% 37.5% Crepitation 0% 5% 5% 90%
The following clinical factors were not significantly associated with the presence of a fracture: patient age, mechanism of injury, pain on various movements, deformity, crepitation, instability, other sites of point tenderness, drawer sign, swelling, and discoloration and pain on squeezing the tibia and fibula.
Physical examination might reveal signs of crepitation in case of osteoarthritis or fracture, increased laxity 'Ortolani signs' indicative of hip dysplasia and limb shortening in case of luxation.
c) Clinical signs like tachypnoea, reduced chest movements, dull percussion note, bronchial breath sounds, increased vocal fremitus and vocal resonance and crepitations.
Hamman's sign, or mediastinal crepitation, is accentuated during expiration, especially with the patient in the left lateral decubitus position.
On examination, there was dull percussion note over left lower hemithorax along with diminished breath sound and coarse crepitation over that area.
All the birds showed swelling in the affected limbs, crepitation on palpation and no external wound in any of the cases.
In addition to the customary auscultation of the lungs, careful palpation of the ribs looking for evidence of crepitation would probably represent an adequate initial screening measure to rule out rib fracture.
Bibasilar crepitation was the most consistent sign (95.5%), clubbing and pallor were present in 61.1% and 58.9% of ILD patients.
Crepitation is commonly palpable in patients with isolated SLAP lesions.