Stone, Report on the Subject of Criminal Abortion
, Transactions of the Iowa State Medical Society, Vol.
(33) Seeking to mobilize his peers to end what he would soon characterize as the "slaughter of countless children now perpetrated in our midst," (34) he persuaded the local Boston medical society and the recently founded American Medical Association (AMA) to establish committees for the purpose of investigating the matter of criminal abortion
with a view "to its general suppression." (35)
(240) Moreover, since Roe, Philip Rafferty and others have discovered a number of early English criminal abortion
cases which show that even pre-quickening abortion was a crime in medieval times.
violation of the state's criminal abortion
(2,3) The strategy recognizes that no criminal abortion
law--however restrictive or liberal in its grounds--can ensure access to services without implementing standards and procedures.
California state law thus acknowledged two different types of abortion: therapeutic abortion, which was not a crime; and criminal abortion
, which was.
Procedures that probably induced abortion were often used for other stated reasons, such as "stopped menses." One difficulty in enforcing some laws against "criminal abortion
" was the need to prove that the pregnancy had been established before the procedure was done.
Does it mean you are against criminal abortion
It upheld a criminal abortion
statute that lacked an exception for cases of medical necessity, despite the fact that the Court had consistently emphasized the need for such an exception since Roe v.
Sotheby's notes on the lot give some idea of a typical month in the life of Sir Bernard: "In the unexceptional month of January 1922, for example, Spilsbury records the following deaths: a domestic servant poisoned by potassium cyanide and then thrown in the Lea in Hackney, a suicide by cyanide in Hampstead, four 'sudden deaths', three heart attacks, one woman who died as the result of a criminal abortion
, a pulmonary embolism, a death during an operation to remove the appendix, and the brutal murder of a 79-year-old woman ("at least 11 blows on head & blows on hands by blunt object, three cuts by sharp cutting weapon on neck, right hand having grasped weapon, six depressed fractures of skull").
Pregnant women, infants and children are unable to get the required medical care and criminal abortion
became the norms."
The legislature specifically authorized suspensions or discipline more lenient than license revocation based on an administrative finding of criminal abortion
. (78) Accordingly, the state law contemplated systematically harsher treatment for the same misconduct when proven through the criminal process, with case by case determinations and thus the possibility of lighter sanctions when misconduct was shown in a noncriminal forum.