criminal justice system


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criminal justice system

the set of institutions developed as the STATE response to CRIME and criminals. In England and Wales, the main elements of the criminal justice system are the POLICE, the magistracy and crown courts, the Crown Prosecution Service and the prison system, although some aspects of social work and the Probation Service are intrinsic to the system. These institutions are organized and administered separately, though they are all answerable, at some level, to the Home Office. Aspects of the criminal justice systems of Scotland and Northern Ireland are significantly different from the English model: ‘Diplock’ courts in Northern Ireland, for example, try many ‘terrorist’ and some other offenders without using the jury system, while in Scotland the unique office of the procurator fiscal is central to the prosecution of criminal trials. There has been very little sociological work on the criminal justice system as a whole. Most studies concentrate on some particular aspect of the system or some specific issue relating to policing, the work of the courts, sentencing, etc. An exception to this is Fitzgerald and Muncie's (1987) overview.
References in periodicals archive ?
The convener of the Police Reforms Committee and former inspector general of Sindh Police, Afzal Ali Shigri, stated that performance of police was directly linked to the delivery of justice and performance of judiciary and criminal justice system.
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Criminal Justice System" will promote the understanding of the historical legacy of brutality, manipulation, oppression, marginalization, prejudice, discrimination, power and control, and white America's continued fear about racial and ethnic minorities.
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Nominations must be submitted by 5 p.m., January 9, and must include the candidate's name and contact information, a resume or biographical sketch, and a description of his or her contributions to the criminal justice system.
While speaking at a press conference at the PBC office in the Supreme Court, he said that the Criminal Justice System has almost collapsed and the government, instead of fixing it, was making amendments to the constitution to set up special and military courts to try suspects
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An effective criminal justice system - one that is fair to all: defendant, prosecution, and the public - requires a fully functioning jail.
The criminal justice system is playing an increasingly dominant role in the treatment of persons with severe mental illness (SMI).

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