criminal justice system


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criminal justice system

the set of institutions developed as the STATE response to CRIME and criminals. In England and Wales, the main elements of the criminal justice system are the POLICE, the magistracy and crown courts, the Crown Prosecution Service and the prison system, although some aspects of social work and the Probation Service are intrinsic to the system. These institutions are organized and administered separately, though they are all answerable, at some level, to the Home Office. Aspects of the criminal justice systems of Scotland and Northern Ireland are significantly different from the English model: ‘Diplock’ courts in Northern Ireland, for example, try many ‘terrorist’ and some other offenders without using the jury system, while in Scotland the unique office of the procurator fiscal is central to the prosecution of criminal trials. There has been very little sociological work on the criminal justice system as a whole. Most studies concentrate on some particular aspect of the system or some specific issue relating to policing, the work of the courts, sentencing, etc. An exception to this is Fitzgerald and Muncie's (1987) overview.
References in periodicals archive ?
Focusing resources on the most serious criminal cases by increasing the appropriate use of direct indictments and making prompt decisions about whether a matter should proceed in the traditional criminal justice system or if it would be better handled through other means.
And, if they are those people (and even if they aren't), why does involvement in the criminal justice system in adulthood justify widespread neglect by social work professionals for nearly four decades?
I highly recommend this book to instructors who are seeking an innovative textbook that encourages student engagement for their course, and believe that audiences interested in acquiring additional knowledge about the various stages of the criminal justice system will significantly benefit from exploring the various resources provided within this text.
The perceived threat of violence legitimates the criminal justice system.
Further cuts will give them no choice but to abandon legal aid and that means vulnerable people who come into contact with the criminal justice system will be denied advice and representation.
The Government has launched the Witness Charter across England and Wales to ensure victims and witnesses are placed at the heart of the Criminal Justice System.
Vera Baird, the member for Redcar, said comments by Dame Helen in an interview with the Sunday Times showed "an absolute lack of knowledge about the way the criminal justice system works".
NEW ORLEANS -- Schizophrenia patients commonly have involvement with the criminal justice system, both as victims and as perpetrators of crime, according to a poster presented at the American Psychiatric Association's Institute on Psychiatric Services.
Goldin Memorial Award, which recognizes outstanding contribution to Florida's criminal justice system.
INSIDE Justice Week is under way with events across Merseyside aiming to give the public a unique glimpse into the criminal justice system.
LOCAL people will be given more opportunities to become involved in the working of the criminal justice system in 2007, a top North probation officer has pledged.
Currently, many departments do not electronically record custodial interrogations despite the exceptional value and benefit to the criminal justice system, including the police, prosecutors, and courts, as well as defendants and the community.

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