cripple stud

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1. In a building frame, a structural element that is shorter than usual, as a stud above a door opening or below a windowsill.
2. In roofing, a bracket that anchors at the ridge line and carries scaffold platforms for roofing workers.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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If the mudsill is wider than the cripple studs, you bolt through the added blocking (resting on top of the sill plate) and the existing sill plate into the foundation-add 1 1/2 inches to your bolt length.
E for window opening details to make your header and trimmers and cripple studs. Note that the side walls fit against the back wall.