crocus


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crocus:

see irisiris,
common name for members of the genus Iris of the Iridaceae, a family of perennial herbs that includes the crocuses, freesias, and gladioli. The family is characterized by thickened stem organs (bulbs, corms, and rhizomes) and by linear or sword-shaped
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Crocus

 

a genus of perennial cormous stemless plants of the family Iridaceae. The flowers are solitary or, less commonly, in groups of two or three. Glumaceous scales that seem to arise directly from the bulb surround the variously colored flowers. The numerous radical and linear leaves usually develop during or after the flowering period.

There are about 80 species in Europe and Asia. The USSR has 19 species, found mainly in Transcaucasia, in the Crimea, and in the mountainous meadows of the Tien-Shan and the Dzhungar Alatau. Crocuses are cultivated in many countries, including the USSR. They are used as a coloring and flavoring agent by the food and candy industries. Many species have especially beautiful flowers.

The most common species raised as ornamentals are C. tomasinianus, whose light violet flowers bloom in the beginning or middle of April; the common crocus (C. vernus), whose lilac, white, or purple-striped flowers bloom in April; C. chrysanthus, whose yellow flowers bloom in February and March; and C. speciosus, whose lilac flowers bloom in September. Crocuses are propagated by bulbs, corms, or seeds. The soil must be light in texture and fertilized with humus. The corms are planted at a depth of 5–6 cm. Autumn-blooming species are planted in the spring, and spring-blooming species are planted in the fall and covered with leaves and spruce branches. The corms of plants that have blossomed are dug out, dried, and cleaned of earth, roots, and old scales; they are stored at a temperature of 17°C until planting. Plants grown from seed bloom in the second or third season. Garden and wild crocuses are planted in groups on lawns or in rock gardens. Garden forms are often forced during the winter.

Stigmata from the saffron crocus (C. sativus) were formerly used medicinally in a compound tincture of aloe and in infusions of opium and saffron.

crocus

[′krō·kəs]
(botany)
A plant of the genus Crocus, comprising perennial herbs cultivated for their flowers.
(materials)
Finely powdered oxide of iron, of dark red color, used for buffing and polishing.

crocus

symbol of cheerfulness. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 383]

Crocus

distressed by unrequited love, changed by Hermes into a saffron plant. [Gk. Myth.: Avery, 338]

crocus

1. any plant of the iridaceous genus Crocus, widely cultivated in gardens, having white, yellow, or purple flowers
2. another name for jeweller's rouge
3. of a saffron yellow colour
References in periodicals archive ?
Saffron (Crocus sativus) for depression: a systematic review of clinical studies and examination of underlying antidepressant mechanisms of action.
As the plant grows, the food stored within the corm is used up to produce leaves and flowers which, in crocus corms, develop from buds at the top.
If scent is one of your top requirements, then try Crocus chrysanthus, the golden crocus, or Zwanenburg Bronze which has beautiful golden leaves, strikingly marked with bronze.
Each year, Cooks of Crocus Hill offers hundreds of classes on a diverse range of subjects: cooking basics, kids' cooking, Japanese kaiseki, butchering, wine appreciation and more.
Saffron, botanical name crocus sativus, is the most expensive spice in the world.
Crocus said that it plans to deploy the process technology resulting from the joint development at its manufacturing venture, Crocus Nano Electronics (CNE).
The Crocus genus includes approximately 80 species worlwide.
The Jusseh al-Kharab Center is the first center in Syria which started the cultivation and production of crocus in 2001, where about 2000 bulbs were planted.
Crocus is a certified Oracle Gold partner specialising in the licensing, implementation and support of OracleEoACAOs PeopleSoft Financial and Human Capital Management Systems and BI.
Instead, plant ornamental onions, daffodils of a dozen different kinds, Chionodoxa (Glory of the snow), snowdrops, snowflakes, grape hyacinth, Scilla and Crocus tommasinianus, a small flowered crocus that, unlike the Dutch hybrid crocus, are not fed upon by animals.
Saffron is made with the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus L., an Iridaceae that has been traditionally cultivated in different countries of Asia and the Mediterranean region (Fernandez, 2004).