cromlech


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Related to cromlech: Stonehenge

cromlech

(krŏm`lĕk) [Welsh or Breton,=crooked stone], term that has changed in meaning from its original equivalent to dolmendolmen
[Breton,=stone table], burial chamber consisting of two or more upright stone slabs supporting a capstone or table, typical of the Neolithic period in Europe. See megalithic monuments.
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. It later came to be used for a single standing stone and now usually refers to a circle of such stones; however, the term is used in this sense for such remains on the Continent, e.g., Britanny and Portugal, rather than for those on the British Isles.

Cromlech

 

a type of megalithic structure of the Neolithic period and primarily the Bronze Age. Usually, a cromlech consists of huge (up to 6–7 m high) free-standing stones that form one circle or several concentric circles. The stones enclose an area sometimes containing a dolmen or menhir. Cromlechs reveal that their creators already possessed the fundamentals of composition, a feeling for rhythm and scale, and the tectonics of post-and-lintel construction. Excavations within cromlechs have yielded burials, polished stone axes, modeled pottery, and stone grain mortars.

Cromlechs are encountered in Asia and America, but they are particularly abundant in Europe (France, Great Britain) and the USSR (in Transcaucasia). The cromlechs of Stonehenge and Avebury in Great Britain and Carnac in France are particularly well known. Their purpose is debatable. Most likely, they were ritual structures for burials and for religious ceremonies. According to one theory, cromlechs were connected with the sun cult and were temples of the sun.

A. L. MONGAIT

cromlech

1. A monument of prehistoric or uncertain date consisting of an enclosure formed by huge stones planted in the ground in a circle.
2. A dolmen.

cromlech

1. a circle of prehistoric standing stones
2. (no longer in technical usage) a megalithic chamber tomb or dolmen
References in periodicals archive ?
Chris Martin, of Clwyd-Powys Archeological Trust, said cromlechs were more common in "places like Gwynedd and Pembrokeshire" than elsewhere in Wales.
The unexpected discovery of three funerary stone circles in Ondarre it leads as to pose the following question: could the nearly complete absence of this type of structure west of the Leizaran/Oria border be a result of other causes--conservation difficulties because of lithological factors and their current identification, population history in each mountain range, etc.--and is our image of cromlech distribution thus slightly distorted, or should it be more nuanced?
Some of the alignments still end (or begin) in a semicircular cromlech, but others have been destroyed.
Fielding, of Cromlech Park, Portstewart, Co Derry, was at the front of the gang which was spotted moving towards an exit at Coleraine Showgrounds where Blues fans were leaving.
Ms Lawrence, who has climbed in Gwynedd for 15 years, analysed names of 145 climbs from four crags in North Wales; Clogwyn Du'r Arddu, Dinorwig Slate Quarries, Dinas Cromlech and Craig Bwlch y Moch, Tremadog.
A PS90,000 appeal has been launched to build a monument or cromlech of a dragon on rocks to be erected in Langemark near Ypres in Belgium.
All we need now is the Welsh contribution to complete the cromlech - a lasting tribute to the Welsh who died.
Wrth gyflwyno Barclodiad a chydnabod pwysigrwydd Llyn Cerrig Bach dyma dynnu coes ychydig hefo'r gynulleidfa fod rhain yn sicr ymhlith Tri Uchaf henebion Ynys Mn, ond wedyn wrth restru Bryn Celli Ddu, Din Lligwy, Bryn yr Hen Bobl, meini hirion Bryn Gwyn, Castell Bryn Gwyn, meini hirion Llanfechell, cromlech Bodowyr...
On the bill in Boro are Teesside noise punks DRUNK IN HELL, fellow locals LIFELESS and CROMLECH and Newcastle pair TIDE OF IRON and GRACE.
Among the most beautiful sights were Pont Cromlech, the first bridge you come to at the bottom of Llanberis Pass, bathed by sunlight in May, and Llyn Mymbyr, the lake near Plas y Brenin national mountain centre.
Aaron Fielding, from Cromlech Park, Portstewart, Co Derry, was convicted over an incident at the town's promenade on September 25.