(III) Increasing the Stiffness of Both Buildings by Providing Lateral Bracing: According to researchers (Akmal, 2009; Malhotra et al., 2004) diagonal and cross bracing
are most effective to resist the lateral load.
Larger structures or pipes that require an unobstructed pit or access bay for a trench can be easily accomplished by allowing the contractor to remove all cross bracing
with a technique called retracing of the system.
The design also incorporates reinforced corner members, cross bracing
, and stiffeners to handle rugged applications.
Features include simple construction with cross bracing
throughout the length of the cart.
Semirigid connection factors are needed for exact deflection analyses of portal frames lacking cross bracing
when connection factors begin to exceed 1.0 x [10.sup.-6] rad/ft-lb.
The cabinet also features cross bracing
, back stiffeners and double-walled extrusions, providing a high strength-to-weight ratio to support and protect equipment during a seismic event.
The cabinets also have cross bracing
, back stiffeners and double-walled extrusions, providing a high strength-to-weight ratio to support and protect equipment during the full force of a seismic event.
In its final ruling, FMCSA also stated: "Iowa DOT (Department of Transportation) noted that several carriers have removed the floor from flatbed vehicles, leaving the floor cross bracing
intact, creating a skeletal vehicle, which allows the debris and fluids to escape from the bottom of the vehicle while in transit."
These products won't eliminate diagonal or cross bracing
. You'll still have to abide by the manufacturer spec sheets for proper bracing.
In the first floor offices, cross bracing
between the laminated arches is exposed.
A sketch of a steel tower cross braced with X's was drawn next and labeled cross bracing
. Students contributed ideas for the towers' function carrying electrical lines, transmitting radio signals, supporting a water tower.