cross effect

cross effect

[′krȯs i‚fekt]
(physics)
Any phenomenon in which two or more transport effects are coupled, such as thermal and electrical conductivity, or thermal conductivity and diffusion.
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Table 5 Nested Logit Average Marginal Analysis for Alternative Specific Variables (All Children): Government Alternative Summary of d([P.sub.j])/d(Governnient) Variables School-mode Number of schools in Direct effect Government a community or village Cross effect Private Cross effect No-schooling Student-teacher ratio Direct effect Government Cross effect Private Cross effect No-schooling Percentage of schools with Direct effect Government textbooks for students Cross effect Private Cross effect No-schooling Average no.
The sign of [[PSI].sub.x*], which captures the cross effect of Foreign's public infrastructure on Home's tax reaction function, depends on that of [B.sub.x*] and is therefore ambiguous.
The next paper, "External audit quality and ownership structure: interaction and impact on earnings management of industrial and commercial Tunisian sectors", emphasizes the significance of researching the cross effect of using jointly external audit quality and ownership structure over managerial discretion in a largely unexplored, non-Western and emerging context.
To empirically estimate the cost of increasing trade payables when firms are in financial distress, we regress proxies for firm performance on a dummy for financial distress, a dummy for significant increases in trade payables, and their cross effect. The cross effect of the two dummies (financial distress and the significant rise in the use of trade payables) measures the marginal effect of a rise in trade credit financing on the performance of a firm in financial distress.
where [x.sub.jj'], is the cross effect when variety j is mated to variety j', with [x.sub.jj'] = [g.sub.j] + [g.sub.j'] + [s.sub.jj'] and
Gordon Winston ["Taxes, Leisure and Public Goods," Economica, 1965] also points out that when leisure and public spending are complementary, the ordinal cross effect of the spending change on the demand for leisure is positive.
[[gamma].sub.ii], = Price Cross effect of product i' on Product i
First of all, we have the case where the cross effect in the poaching function is weak and negligible so that [h.sub.XE] = 0 when h [greater than] 0 (see Section II and Appendix 1).
To test for inbreeding depression in measurement variables, mixed-model analyses of variance was used, in which cross effect is fixed, family and plot effects are random, and interactions are random.
This estimator has the additional disadvantage, however, that the parameters associated with the status-specific variables [the y's in (3)] are differences between the "own" effect of responding sibling j's status-specific variables and those of his/her paired sibling ("cross effect") on parental index functions.