cross-cultural comparison

cross-cultural comparison

the comparison of a social phenomenon in different societies, and perhaps at different historical times, with the aim of establishing either:
  1. the common ‘causal’ basis of shared features, including the existence of any orderly pattern to social evolution; or
  2. the unique features of a particular culture or society. Sociologists have often held sharply contrasting views on the relative importance of these two goals of cross-cultural analysis. Most theorists have recognized the considerable difficulty of defining the units of analysis and of comparing like with like in cross-cultural comparisons. While theorists and researchers taking the first view have been prepared to risk advancing general propositions about the overall form and types of human societies, those taking the second view have used comparisons mainly to highlight differences, usually portraying their use of general concepts merely as aids to comparisons (i.e. as heuristic IDEAL TYPES), with their main goal the understanding of particular cultures. See also COMPARATIVE METHOD.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Sartwell raises familiar questions about the supposed End of Art, about the nature of cross-cultural comparison, about the viability of the distinction between art and craft, the relationship between art and technology (in an interesting discussion of Heidegger), and he does so in the context of a discussion of that favourite topic, the definition of art.
I can imagine basing cross-cultural comparison on linking principles whose very arbitrariness or contingency will prevent them from giving rise to a standard or ideal type, such as comparing works by authors whose last name begins with B, or works whose numerical place in a bibliography is divisible by thirteen.
The CERAD francophone group, created in june 1990, is primarily interested in cross-cultural comparison of different aspects of Alzheimer's disease.
"A Cross-Cultural Comparison of IS Designer Values" by Kumar and Bjorn-Andersen (May 1990, pp.
We get a cross-cultural comparison of the Japanese and American hierarchical system in major corporations.
The remaining essays on regional and global perspectives are articulated largely in terms of a language of international relations or with reference to cross-cultural comparison. Chu's essay ruminates on the consequences of Taiwan's identity politics on relations between China and the US.
Second Temple Pseudepigraphy: A Cross-cultural Comparison of Apocalyptic Texts and Related Jewish Literature
Livio's excellent chapter, "Performing the Nation: A Cross-cultural Comparison of Idol Shows in Four Countries," addresses the differences in the popular singing contest in England, the United States, Canada, and Israel through the name adaptations, judges, participation, and social class.
A cross-cultural comparison of ethical attitudes of business managers: India, Korea and the United States.
A cross-cultural comparison of perceptions and uses of mobile telephony.
A cross-cultural comparison of Canadian and Mainland Chinese university students' leisure motivations.
Urbainczyk is in constant dialogue with the seminal works on classical and new world slavery, and demonstrates effectively the value of cross-cultural comparison in this field.