The multilevel models were calculated as random intercept and slope models with cross-level
Hypothesis 2: Actual and perceived destructive leadership in work groups will have a negative cross-level
influence on Chinese millennial generation employees' innovative behavior.
model, Multi-level approach, Organizational commitment.
The findings not only advance our understanding of the cross-level
dynamics of social capital, but also provide a possible explanation for the mixed empirical results found in previous studies.
Specific methodological issues are then addressed in chapter clusters, with a cluster on design addressing cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, negative wording, missing data, and sample size; a cluster on analysis discussing weighted composites, outliers, and the Sobel test; and a cluster on interpretation offering caution when comparing reliability estimates, attenuating shared method bias, and dealing with cross-level
effects and measurement invariance.
Findings reveal that: (1) children who experienced a lack of community were less engaged and had more difficulty academically; (2) teachers' perceptions of support and safety in school were also related to academic outcomes; (3) cross-level
interaction pointed to the importance of considering the fit between the child and the school environment--children who had a good fit (i.
If this is the case, then cross-level
interactions are possible, suggesting a final moderation hypothesis relating to the level of climate in the group:
Now we have to cross-level
this, because we've realized we're spending way too much on personnel.
bubble has also been built into the bipod to assist the Soldiers in positioning the cannon to achieve accurate leveling needed for proper targeting.
interaction effect for the student's attitude toward mathematics and teacher perceived school climate was also statistically significant.
was recently cross-level
transferred to the 368th Engineer Battalion in Londonderry, N.
The idea of an ecological epidemiology of HIV implies that there are measurable constructs at each of the levels of influence and that cross-level
connections are involved in the occurrence of HIV both at the individual (e.