Prior experience with wheel running produces cross-tolerance
to the rewarding effect of morphine.
Interestingly, p65-Ser536 phosphorylation is resumed and low-dose TNF-induced tolerance is reversed by glycogen synthesis kinase (GSK) 3 inhibition using SB6763 , an effect also described within TNF-induced cross-tolerance
towards LPS .
Cross-sensitization and cross-tolerance
between exogenous cannabinoid antinociception and endocannabinoid-mediated stress-induced analgesia.
. This interaction was reported by fourteen respondents.
KEY WORDS: Alcohol and tobacco; alcoholism; cigarette smoking; nicotine dependence; brain; neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors; cross-tolerance
; alcohol and other drug (AOD) sensitivity; genetic factors; genetic polymorphism; laboratory mice; laboratory rat; neurotoxicity
For the experimental conditions studied here, drying rate was always observed to affect viability, however, no interaction parameters were implemented to model the cross-tolerance
of drying rate and moisture content.
from one opioid to another can result in improved pain relief at lower-than-equianalgesic dosing of an alternate opioid (McCaffery & Pasero, 1999).
Acclimation to Stresses and Cross-Tolerance
Crosses between two wild oat biotypes (UM1 and UM33) differing in their herbicide cross-tolerance
patterns indicated that the biotypes had different dominant alleles of the same gene (22).
This drug-induced biotransformation of itself and other drugs is another source of tolerance and cross-tolerance
. Various anesthetics, ethanol, and the sedative-hypnotic drugs are metabolized by and induce the microsomal enzymes to produce multidirectional cross-tolerance
In the case of cross-tolerance
of TLRLs, after sequential activations of different TLRLs, reduced inflammatory responses are often observed upon the second TLR stimulation by attenuated activation of immune cells involving macrophages.