crosslinking


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crosslinking

[′krȯs ‚liŋk·iŋ]
(organic chemistry)
The setting up of chemical links between the molecular chains of polymers.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
When these films undergo crosslinking, the final film properties are likely to be very sensitive to the relative rates of polymer diffusion and the crosslinking reaction.
After confirming the success of the crosslinking process, the best conditions were explored.
The TGA affirmed the nucleation of mineral phase with evidence showing that high temperature crosslinking reaction does not disturb the nucleation of the mineral phase and also helps in producing an equivalent reaction yield as observed in Fig.
Until recently most Keratoconus treatments focused on correcting the refractive errors induced by the corneal deformation or changing the corneal geometry as in corneal transplantation, but the only treatment that aims to stop or decrease progression of Keratoconus is Corneal crosslinking (CXL).4 It is a procedure that uses Ultraviolet A (UVA) light in conjunction with riboflavin as a photo mediator to add additional polymer bands between collagen fibers thereby increasing corneal biomechanical resistance.5,6 It is used nowadays for stabilization of corneal tissue, which is accompanied by a reduction in the simulated keratometry (simK) values and a modest improvement in visual acuity.
(1) The solution of polymer P, crosslinking agent A, and coagulant B were mixed in accordance with the ratio of the experimental schemes and stirred evenly.
In our previous work, (12) a low-temperature selfcrosslinkable acrylic emulsion was synthesized by introducing ketone-hydrazide crosslinking reaction.
Figure 2 exhibits degree of articular cartilage crosslinking with the concentration of aqueous genipin.
Riboflavin UV-A induced corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) represents a relatively new procedure available for the conservative treatment of progressive keratoconus [1, 2] and secondary corneal ectasia [3] due to its capacity in increasing biomechanical corneal resistance [4, 5] and intrinsic anticollagenase activity [6].
They begin with the case of Olympic bobsledder Steven Holcomb, who underwent the procedure and made it famous, then discuss the history of crosslinking in industry, medicine, and aging; the basic science of corneal crosslinking; the first scientific investigations of the corneal crosslinking procedure; the development of Holcomb C3-R and early results; techniques; complications of the CXL procedure and the Holcomb C3-R technique; combining the Holcomb C3-R system with Intacs and conductive keratoplasty and phakic implantable contact lenses; and its use in improving stability for radial keratotomy patients, with photorefractive keratectomy, for corneal infections and autoimmune corneal melts, and for trampolining corneas after LASIK.
Nylons 6, 66, and 11 can be radiation crosslinked, but the first two require addition of a crosslinking agent.
Recently, the potential advantage of targeting both CD20 and CD74 was reported in a preclinical study in which milatuzumab, Immunomedics' humanised anti-CD74 antibody, combined with rituximab and a crosslinking antibody resulted in anti-tumour activity in MCL cell lines and patient samples in vitro.