(found in gasoline; irritates immune system and
Moreover, in some experiments trace amounts of benzaldehyde and crotonaldehyde
were also found in the gas phase.
Compared with controls, e-cigarette-only users had significantly higher excretion of metabolites of acrylonitrile, acrolein, propylene oxide, acrylamide, and crotonaldehyde
(all P < 0.05).
Somorjai, "Dependence of gas-phase crotonaldehyde
hydrogenation selectivity and activity on the size of Pt nanoparticles (1.7-7.1 nm) supported on SBA-15," Catalysis Letters, vol.
Pectin, depending on conditions, has been previously shown to generate aldehydes, such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetone, acrolein, propionaldehyde, crotonaldehyde
, methyl ethyl ketone, and butyraldehyde (Zhou et al.
Moreover, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) developed inhalation toxicity factors for the evaluation of acrolein and crotonaldehyde
concentrations in 2014.
Takebe, "A spectrum of mutations induced by crotonaldehyde
in shuttle vector plasmids propagated in human cells," Carcinogenesis, vol.
On the other hand, other aldehydes, crotonaldehyde
and 2,5-dimethylbenzaldehyde --important building blocks in the organic chemistry --are probably produced in refinery operations.
Except for ketones, crotonaldehyde
was generated for the other group of tested chemicals.
: a carcinogenic and mutagenic air, water and food pollutant.
DNA interchain cross-links formed by acrolein and crotonaldehyde
. J Am Chem Soc 125(1):50-61.
Luo, "Characterizations of Ir/Ti[O.sub.2] catalysts with different Ir contents for selective hydrogenation of crotonaldehyde
," Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis, vol.