Crown

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crown,

circular head ornament, symbolizing sovereign dignity. (For crowns worn by nobles, see coronetcoronet
, head attire of a noble of high rank, worn on state occasions. It is inferior to the crown. British peers wear their coronets at the coronation of their sovereign. Although dukes wore coronets to mark their rank by the 14th cent.
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.) The use of the crown as a symbol of royal rank is of ancient tradition in Egypt and the Middle East. In ancient Greece and Rome, however, crowns—sometimes made of leaves—were merely wreaths, awarded to victors in athletic or poetic contests or bestowed on citizens in recognition of an act of public service. The crown as used in medieval and modern times is an elaboration of the diademdiadem,
in ancient times, the fillet of silk, wool, or linen tied about the head of a king, queen, or priest as a distinguishing mark. Later, it was a band of gold, which gave rise to the crown. In heraldry, the diadem is one of the arched bars that support the crown.
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 and is generally made of metal, often gold inlaid with precious gems. The crown became thoroughly identified with the functions of monarchy, and the term crown is often used in a purely institutional sense, as in crown lands, crown colonies, and crown debt. Among famous crowns of historic interest are the Lombard iron crown, kept at Monza, Italy; the crown of Charlemagne, at Vienna, Austria; and the sacred crown of St. Stephen of Hungary. These are exceptional in that they were used repeatedly over centuries for coronation ceremonies. Most crowns are of recent origin, although the jewels they contain are often taken from older crowns. The ancient crowns of England were destroyed under Oliver Cromwell. There are two crowns used by the British sovereigns: the crown of Edward the Confessor (a much-altered replica of the original crown) is used for the coronation ceremony in Westminster Abbey, and the imperial state crown is worn on state occasions. Crowns are also worn by the consorts and families of sovereigns. The triple crown of the popes, known as a tiara, dates from the 14th cent. Regardless of their actual shape, crowns are usually represented in heraldry as closed at the top by four arched bars called diadems and surmounted by a globe and a cross. In religion and art, a crown symbolizes sovereignty (Rev. 19.12) and also honor, especially the reward of martyrdom (Heb. 2.9).

Crown

Any uppermost or terminal features in architecture; the top of an arch including the keystone; the corona of a cornice, often including the elements above it.

Crown

 

the aboveground (above the bole) branched part of a tree. Under natural conditions different tree species have crowns of different shapes.

Figure 1. Diagram of the structure of the crown of a fruit tree

The following parts are distinguished in the crowns of fruit trees (see Figure 1): (1) the central trunk, or leader, the part of the trunk from the first lower branch to the base of last year’s growth; (2) the leading shoot, the apical growth from the previous year on the central trunk or on the skeleton branches; (3) the primary skeleton branches; (4) the secondary skeleton branches, the large branches making up the framework of the crown; and (5) the lateral (tertiary) branches, small, relatively short-lived branches which cover the skeleton branches and which are divided into vegetative and fruit shoots.

The vegetative shoots are one-year-old branches covered with leaves, also called growths, or leading shoots, since they increase the length of the branches every year and, thus, the size of the crown. The fruit shoots of seed-bearing trees consist of one-year-old growths more than 15 cm long with a flower bud at the apex; straight one-year-old lateral growths, 5–15 cm long; very short annual growths, 2 mm to 2–3 cm long, very fragile, with one well-formed leaf or flower bud; shoots usually 2–3 years old that bore fruit at one time; and perennial forked fruit branches. Amygdalaceous trees have fruit shoots called bouquet twigs (shortened fruit formations, 0.5–3 cm long, with groups of buds at the apex) and spurs (short fruit formations from 0.5 to 8–10 cm long).

There are artificial and natural crowns, and they are shaped taking into consideration their natural peculiarities. Depending on the species of tree, the variety, stock, age, and growth and agrotechnical conditions, crowns are given pyramidal, spherical, spreading, and other shapes. These shapes do not impede soil cultivation in the orchard, permit the fruit to grow well, and ensure the best access to air and light. In decorative horticulture, crowns are given round, spherical, and other shapes. The shaping of tree crowns is begun at an early age.

REFERENCE

Plodovodstvo, 2nd ed. Edited by V. A. Kolesnikov. Moscow, 1966.

V. A. KOLESNIKOV


Crown

 

(1) Headgear symbolizing monarchical authority. Crowns were generally made of precious metal (usually gold) and richly decorated with jewels and pearls. There could be a variety of forms, including tiaras, diadems, caps, wreaths, and circlets with attached leaves, spikes, or plates. Crowns were used in the ancient world (Sumer, Akkad, Egypt, Rome), but they became especially widespread in Western Europe during the period of fully developed feudalism (11th century), when a hierarchy of forms, corresponding to the title of the wearer, was established (for emperors, kings, princes, dukes, counts). The crown also appears as a symbol in heraldry.

(2) A term used in the law of certain monarchies to indicate the authority (prerogatives) of the ruler, as well as those persons designated by him and acting in his name in the civil administration, military, or judicial system (the crown court, ministers of the crown, etc.). The term “crown” is especially widespread in English law.

What does it mean when you dream about a crown?

Success, as in “crowned with success” or one’s “crowning achievement.” Leadership. The “jewel in the crown” is what is most valuable.

crown

[krau̇n]
(anatomy)
The top of the skull.
The portion of a tooth above the gum.
(architecture)
A feature near the top of a terminal, such as the highest point of an arch.
(botany)
The topmost part of a plant or plant part.
(civil engineering)
Center of a roadway elevated above the sides.
In plumbing, that part of a trap where the direction of flow changes from upward to horizontal or downward.
(engineering)
The part of a drill bit inset with diamonds.
The vertex of an arch or arched surface.
The top or dome of a furnace or kiln.
A high spot forming on a tool joint shoulder as the result of drill pipe wobbling.
(lapidary)
The portion of a faceted gem above the girdle.
(metallurgy)
That part of the sheet or roll where the thickness or diameter increases from edge to center.
(mining engineering)
A horizontal roof member of a timber up to 16 feet (4.9 meters) long and supported at each end by an upright.

crown

crown, 9
1. Any upper terminal feature in architecture.
2. The top of an arch including the keystone, or of a vault.
3. The corona of a cornice, sometimes including elements above it.
4. The camber of a beam.
5. The central area of any

crown

headpiece worn as symbol of royal authority. [Western Culture: Misc.]

Crown

a stevedore who deals with people by physical force. [Am. Lit.: Porgy, Magill I, 764–766]

crown

1. monarchy or kingship
2. 
a. History a coin worth 25 pence (five shillings)
b. any of several continental coins, such as the krona or krone, with a name meaning crown
3. the centre part of a road, esp when it is cambered
4. Botany
a. the leaves and upper branches of a tree
b. the junction of root and stem, usually at the level of the ground
c. another name for corona
5. Zoology
a. the cup and arms of a crinoid, as distinct from the stem
b. the crest of a bird
6. Dentistry
a. the enamel-covered part of a tooth above the gum
b. artificial crown a substitute crown, usually of gold, porcelain, or acrylic resin, fitted over a decayed or broken tooth
7. Nautical the part of an anchor where the arms are joined to the shank
8. Architecture the highest part of an arch or vault

Crown

1. the sovereignty or realm of a monarch
2. 
a. the government of a constitutional monarchy
b. (as modifier): Crown property

Crown

(dreams)
A crown made of gold and jewels symbolizes power, honor, and status. It could also symbolize an accomplishment or a passage into higher levels of consciousness or spiritual awareness. When interpreting this dream, pay attention to what kind of crown it is and who is wearing it. This dream may be congratulatory, (i. e., esteem for a job well done). Different types of crowns may have varying meanings; for example, Jesus had a crown of thorns and was a martyr. All crowns are circular, and in that way they bring up issues of completeness and wholeness and point to the center of personality.
References in periodicals archive ?
10 CROWNS CHOCOMOSA Golden fried parcels of lo pastry stuffed with a roast almond and chocolate lling ser ed with anilla ice cream.
ARIA AT THE HYATT TRADITIONAL ATLANTIC PRAWN AND CRAYFISH COCKTAIL WITH MARIE ROSE SAUCE 8 CROWNS BRAISED BELLY OF SUCKLING PIG WITH PICKLED CARROT AND ORIENTAL DRESSING 8 CROWNS VANILLA AND BASIL PANNA COTTA WITH BLACK PEPPER STRAWBERRIES 8 CROWNS ICON DISH A SELECTION OF OUR AFTERNOON TEA Including cakes and scones with clotted cream and jam 20 CROWNS ASHA'S DAHI BHALLA AND PAPADI A cold summer appetiser combining baby gram sweetened yet spiced yoghurt 6 CROWNS CHICKEN MALAI KEBAB Succulent spring chicken breasts with marina-and hint of green cardamom 8 CROWNS LAMB SAFFRON BIRYANI A speciality rice preparation combining aged 10 CROWNS ICON DISH JUMBO CHINGLI PRAWNS Selected black tiger prawns marinated Asha's 20 CROWNS A purchase entitles you for a lucky draw.
10 CROWNS CHOCOMOSA 8 CROWNS ICON DISH SOUTH INDIAN STIR-FRIED CRAB fresh coconut 14 CROWNS OPUS MINT AND BASIL 8 CROWNS PODDED PEAS AND SUMMER BEANS 10 CROWNS MANOR FARM FRUITS ETON MESS AND SELLY PARK HONEY CREAM 6 CROWNS THE ORIENTAL STARTER OF PRAWN TERRIYAKI COOKED LIVE AT THE FRONT OF THE STAND ON A FLAT GRIDDLE 6 CROWNS CHICKEN IN BLACK BEAN SAUCE SERVED WITH RICE 8 CROWNS MALAYSIAN BEEF KARI SERVED WITH RICE 8 CROWNS SIMPSONS EMULSION 8 CROWNS AROMATIC SLOW-ROAST JIMMY BUTLER SALAD 10 CROWNS SIMPSONS' PISTACHIO & MANOR FARM RASPBERRY TRIFLE 8 CROWNS THAI EDGE MIXED STARTER PLATTER salad 6 CROWNS CHICKEN PENANG CURRY SERVED WITH JASMINE RICE 8 CROWNS MANGO CHEESECAKE 6 CROWNS ICON DISH PRAWN PAD THAI NOODLES COOKED LIVE AT THE FRONT OF OUR STAND 8 CROWNS
The easy answer is the one offered Friday morning by Bob Baffert, who trains Silverbulletday and whose Silver Charm and Real Quiet lost Triple Crowns in the Belmont the past two years: ``If he wins, it doesn't matter what anybody thinks.
Has Charismatic inherited the Triple Crown gene from his great-grandsire as well?
Can Charismatic defeat Silverbulletday, the leading filly, Menifee, the Kentucky Derby and Preakness runner-up, and nine other 3-year-olds in today's Belmont Stakes to end a 21-year Triple Crown drought, the longest since the 25 years between Citation (1948) and Secretariat?
Two of the new Super Crowns are located in the Chicago metropolitan area and two in the Los Angeles area.
The new Chicago area Super Crowns are located in West Calumet City and Mount Prospect.
the leading developer of integrated, scalable, project management software solutions, today announced the appointment of Crown Systems Pte.
As Primavera continues to expand its market share in the Pacific Rim, Crown Systems will join Computer Consultant Services as a Primavera value added reseller in the Singapore region.