cryptococcosis


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Related to cryptococcosis: histoplasmosis

cryptococcosis:

see fungal infectionfungal infection,
infection caused by a fungus (see Fungi), some affecting animals, others plants. Fungal Infections of Human and Animals

Many fungal infections, or mycoses, of humans and animals affect only the outer layers of skin, and although they are sometimes
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.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cryptococcosis

 

(European blastomycosis), a deep-systemic fungal disease of man and animals caused by the yeastlike fungus Cryptococcus neoformans.

Cryptococcosis is a rare and serious disease, found in all countries. The sources of infection for man and the paths of dissemination of the pathogenic principle are unknown.

In man, cryptococcosis is characterized by predominant affection of the lungs, central nervous system, skin, and subcutaneous tissue, with subsequent metastases to the viscera. Diagnosis of the disease is difficult; laboratory diagnosis consists in isolation of the causative agent. The disease is treated medicinally (amphotericin B), combined with anticryptococcal rabbit serum or gamma globulin.

In animals, cryptococcosis is widespread in the USA, Denmark, Italy, France, and the Netherlands, and it has been recorded in Switzerland and the USSR. Cattle, cats, dogs, and monkeys are affected. The causative agent enters the animal’s body through the respiratory and digestive tracts. In cattle, cryptococcosis produces alternate chills and fever, swelling and soreness in the udders, a sharp decrease in milk production, and, with metastasis to the lungs, pneumonia. In dogs and cats, it affects the lungs and central nervous system. The diseased animals show disturbances of coordination, labored breathing, cough, and, occasionally, blindness. Treatment has not been developed. Zoo-hygienic and sanitary measures are of decisive importance in preventing cryptococcosis in animals.

REFERENCE

Spesivtseva, N. A. Mikozy i mikotoksikozy, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cryptococcosis

[‚krip·tə·kä′kō·səs]
(medicine)
A yeast infection of humans, primarily of the central nervous system, caused by Cryptococcus neoformans. Also known as torulosis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Okishige et al., "Successful management of cryptococcosis of the bilateral adrenal glands and liver by unilateral adrenalectomy with antifungal agents: a case report," BMC Infectious Diseases, vol.
Variable n %N Gender Male 211 97.69 Female 4 1.85 Unknown 1 0.46 Age Group 20-44 years 18 8.33 45-54 years 16 7.41 55-69 years 50 23.15 65 years and older 135 61.11 Race White 167 77.31 Black 32 14.81 Hispanic 4 1.85 Unknown 13 6.02 Underlying Cause of Death Aspergillosis 36 16.67 Blastomycosis 4 1.85 Candida 43 19.91 Coccidioidomycosis 32 14.81 Cryptococcosis 12 5.56 Histoplasmosis 12 5.56 Mucormycosis/Zygomycosis 7 3.24 Pneumocystosis 25 11.57 Sporotrichosis 2 0.93 Unspecified mycosis 43 19.91 Duty Status Active Duty/Active Reserve 8 3.70 Retiree 208 96.29
Cryptococcosis also have zoonotic potential since humans may acquire the disease either by direct contact with asymptomatic pet birds which may excrete the organisms in their faeces or with infected pet animals.
Love, "Combination chemotherapy of canine and feline cryptococcosis using subcutaneously administered amphotericin B," Australian Veterinary Journal, vol.
* The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Cryptococcosis
The differential diagnosis of pulmonary and meningeal cryptococcosis includes tuberculosis, a metastatic malignancy of brain, neurosarcoidosis, and histiocytosis.
Age did not significantly affect the prevalence of cryptococcosis. Patients with CD4 cell counts of < 200 cell/[micro]L had a significantly higher prevalence of cryptococcal infection than those with CD4 cell counts of [greater than or equal to] 200 cell/[micro]l, and CD4 counts of < 200 cell/[micro]L was associated with cryptococcal infections among HIV patients on HAART (Table 1).
Population-based surveillance for cryptococcosis in an antiretroviral-naive South African province with a high HIV seroprevalence.
Cryptococcosis is most often due to infection with C.
Mody, "Cryptococcosis: an Emerging Respiratory Mycosis," Clinics in Chest Medicine, vol.
During the last several decades there have been alarming increases in aspergillosis, candidiasis, cryptococcosis, nocardiosis, and zygomycosis, which to some degree appear to be related to medical treatments such as chemotherapeutic agents, irradiation, immunosuppressive agents, broad-spectrum antibiotics, and hyperalimentation, as well as conditions such as malignancies, AIDS, malnutrition, metabolic diseases, receipt of multiple injections, certain surgeries, burns, intravenous hyperalimentation, and certain malignancies.