Reductions in SCC risk were seen for higher intakes of retinol and some carotenoids: For the highest versus lowest quintiles of intake, the pooled hazard ratios were 0.88 (95 percent CI, 0.79 to 0.97) for total retinol, 0.86 (95 percent CI, 0.76 to 0.96) for beta cryptoxanthin
, 0.87 (95 percent CI, 0.78 to 0.96) for lycopene, and 0.89 (95 percent CI, 0.81 to 0.99) for lutein and zeaxanthin.
As shown in Figure 1, the major carotenoids identified in extracts of CGM, such as lutein, [beta]-carotene, zeaxanthin, and cryptoxanthin
, were influenced by FT pretreatment techniques.
The wavelength used was 455 nm for carotenoids (lutein, cryptoxanthin
, lycopene and, [beta]-carotene), 325 nm for retinol, and 290 nm for [alpha]-tocopherol.
2 BASIL contains high levels of beta carotene, vitamin A, cryptoxanthin
, lutein and zeaxanthin and antioxidants.
After six months, men with higher blood levels of vitamin E, lycopene, and cryptoxanthin
had lower PSA readings.
90%) in the human diet is represented by [beta]-carotene, [alpha]-carotene, lycopene, lutein, cryptoxanthin
, and zeaxanthin .
Moreover, we also performed multiple regression analysis for the animal protein to vegetable protein ratio on SMI adjusting for age, hemoglobin A1c, C-peptide index, regular exercise, smoking, insulin treatment, energy intake, CRP, protein intake (g/kg BW/day), and antioxidant nutrients, including vitamins A, C, and E; carotenes; and cryptoxanthin
. The standardized regression coefficient became weak, although the animal protein to vegetable protein ratio was inversely correlated with SMI in men (standardized regression coefficient = -0.262, P = 0.045).
We analyzed the following variables: lipid peroxidation (MDA and 8-isoprostane), DNA damage, TAC and vitamin profile with dosages of carotenoids (lutein, cryptoxanthin
, [beta]-carotene, and lycopene), retinol, and [alpha]-tocopherol.
Using Illumina high throughput sequencing technology, we get about 1 million 60 thousand high quality SNP markers and expression of 28,769 genes, which cover about 70% of the predicted genes in maize genome  Phenotype data 5 kinds of carotenoid component phenotype data of 482 materials in association mapping panel: [alpha]-carotene (AC), [beta]-carotene (BC), Lutein (LUT), Zeaxanthin (ZEA) and [beta]- Cryptoxanthin
(Bcry) (a) Genes filtered as expressed in >50% lines.
Many different carotenoids have been reported in various cultivars of sea buckthorn berries  including lutein zeaxanthin, cryptoxanthin
, and beta-carotene .
[beta]-carotene, [alpha]-carotene and cryptoxanthin
stand out for their provitamin A activity, being converted into vitamin A or retinol after ingestion.
Nuts and seeds are the store house of health benefiting poly-phenolic flavonoid antioxidants such as carotenes, resveratrol, lutein, cryptoxanthin