crystal axis

crystal axis

[¦krist·əl ′ak·səs]
(crystallography)
A reference axis used for the vectoral properties of a crystal.
References in periodicals archive ?
The sample was Co (0001), which has an easy direction of magnetization along the [0001] crystal axis at room temperature, namely, the direction perpendicular to the observed sample plane.
Whenever the plane of polarization of one wave part incorporates a main crystal axis, in case of cubic crystals the plane of polarization of the other wave part will include another main crystal axis.
This will force a pre-orientation of the liquid crystal axis director [??] along the direction of propagation [??].
Table 1 lists the three suitable classes that are free of natural birefringence and indicates for each class the crystal axis that must be aligned parallel to the light propagation direction and the direction of the electrooptic axes.
--the crystal is sectioned lengthwise and the composition and concentration in well-defined points, located at equal distances on the crystal axis, using ICP/MS- LASER Ablation technique are analyzed.
Thus, we arrive at a new concept of the UCN production with SD2, setting a single crystal converter of ortho-deuterium in the exit beam of a cold neutron guide from a pulsed source, and rotate the crystal axis synchronized to the time-of-flight spectrum of the incident cold neutrons.
Ancient stonecutters could thus cleave it perpendicular to the crystal axis to produce hexagonal prisms of any desired length.
Examined with a polarizing microscope in visible light of wavelength greater than 450 nm, these crystals show a very weak negative birefringence; i.e., their slow axis (larger refractive index) lies perpendicular to the long crystal axis.
Evgraf Stepanovich Fedorov's (1853-1919) universal stage, revolving in all three dimensions, makes the parallel positioning of the optical axis and crystal axis possible, so that color changes in polarized light and interference figures may be noted.
Figure 3a shows that spinning led to a rotation of this crystal axis. Without the spin, the b-axis was oriented to the circumferential (transverse) direction; with the spin, b-axis orientation in the machine direction increased.
The Desana imagine a crystal axis that connects the center of their hexagon to the Earth.