Five units of RBC, 4 units of FFP, 9000 ml of balanced crystalloid solution
and 1000 ml of colloid solutions were administered during the course of transplantation, which lasted for 9 h.
An infusion rate of oxytocin 0.3 U/min can be achieved by the administration of 20 U of oxytocin in 1 L crystalloid solution
at a rate of 15 mL/min until uterine tone is achieved.
The operation took 6 hrs 4 units of packed red cells 400 mL of fresh frozen plasma 1700 mL of cell salvage 4100 mL of crystalloid solution
and 3000 mL of colloid solution were transfused totally and the urine was
It was either because she did not have hypotension or having been given intravenous isotonic crystalloid solution
from the time of admittance.
a balanced crystalloid solution
in cardiopulmonary bypass priming: a randomized, prospective study.
[6,7] The initial resuscitation is with isotonic crystalloid solution
. In emergency situations, O negative blood can be used.
Riley et al stated that about 75 Percent of intravenous crystalloid solution
diffuses into the interstitial space and, hence, about 2.5 to 3 times the volume of crystalloid solution
is needed to achieve the same degree of blood volume expansion achieved by iso-oncotic solution.
* Adequate amounts of the correct crystalloid solution
should be given; in adult patients up to 2--4 litres might be needed (additionally both the legs can be raised to centrally pool the blood volume and to improve the preload of the heart).
Also prevention and treatment of hypotension by crystalloid solution
may produce pulmonary edema.7-9 Recently, some investigators have
Approximately 750 ml of crystalloid solution
was given intraoperatively and the estimated blood loss was 400 ml.
Infusing a crystalloid solution
(normal saline or lactated Ringer's solution) or stored packed red blood cells without clotting factors into a hemorrhaging patient will dilute the clotting factors and can actually make the patient more coagulopathic.
(1), published in the current issue of the journal authors have shown that use of blood cardioplegia in the reperfusion period after aortic cross clamp in patients with diabetes mellitus type II undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery was superior to crystalloid solution
in terms of myocardial protection as assessed by the degree of nitric oxide (NO) release.