Cucurbitaceae

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cucurbitaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants including climbing and trailing herbs and, less commonly, subshrubs. The genus Dendrosicyos, which is found on the island of Socotra, consists of treelike forms. Cucurbitaceae are monoecious or dioecious. The flowers are usually unisexual and sympetalous; they are almost always regular and most often pentamerous. The fruit is usually a many-seeded berry or pepo. (The outer layer of the pericarp of a pepo is hard and coarse; the inner layer is fleshy and juicy.)

There are more than 100 genera, embracing about 900 species. They are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. The USSR has eight or nine species, belonging to six genera (including Bryonia and Ecballium). There are more than 15 species in cultivation. Many have edible fruits— cucumbers, muskmelons, pumpkins, and watermelons. The Cucurbitaceae also include the calabash gourd, the dishcloth gourd, and the colocynth. Some genera are medicinal plants (for example, Bryonia), and some are ornamentals (for example, Thladiantha and Momordica).

REFERENCES

Aleshina, L. A. “Palinologicheskie dannye k sistematike i filogenii semeistva Cucurbitaceae Juss.” In Morfologiia pyl’tsy Cucurbitaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Cornaceae. Leningrad, 1971.
Jeffrey, C. “On the Classification of the Cucurbitaceae.” Kew Bulletin, 1966, vol. 20, no. 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gibberellic acid is a natural plant hormone which is synthesized in plants and it is well known that the application of [GA.sub.3] improves fruit yield and quality in many cucurbitaceous and other horticultural crops.
Many studies have shown that pumpkin belonging to the family Cucurbitaceous is a perennial plant and is consumed traditionally in a variety of foods such as fresh or cooked vegetables as well as also stored frozen or canned.
cucurbitaceous could be a promising candidate for complementing more specialized parasitoids in whitefly biological control programs.
Extensive year round surveys was conducted at different intervals in the active season of ladybird beetles, especially of solanacious and cucurbitaceous vegetable fields, general vegetation was also searched for occurrence of ladybird beetles.
Bitter gourd is one of the most importance cucurbitaceous vegetable crop widely cultivated in Gujarat.
Bitter gourd (BG) also called as bitter melon bitter apple or karela (Momordica charantia L.) is one of most popular cucurbitaceous vegetable commonly cultivated in South East Asia and China (Krawinkel and Keding 2006).
The melon fruit fly is considered a federal quarantine pest in India and many other countries, due to its highly invasive nature as majority of them cause extensive damage to many fruits and vegetables especially cucurbitaceous vegetables.
Relative abundance of the red pumpkin beetle, Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas, on different cucurbitaceous vegetables.
The melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is an economically important pest of fruits and cucurbitaceous vegetables in many parts of the world (Uchida et al.
Prabakar and Jebanesan (2004) reported that the leaf extract of five species of cucurbitaceous plants, Momordica charntia, Trichosanthes anguina, Luffa acutangula, Benincasa cerifera and Citrullus vulgaris showed larvicidal activity at LC50 of 465.85, 567.81, 839.81, 1189.30 and 1636.04 ppm, respectively against the 4th instar larvae of Cx.