Cuirassiers

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Cuirassiers

 

an arm of heavy cavalry, with horsemen protected by cuirasses and armed with broadswords, pistols, and carbines. Cuirassiers appeared in Western Europe in the late 17th century. Their precursors were the gendarmes in France and the reiters in Germany, Austria, and Sweden. In the 18th and early 19th centuries cuirassier regiments designed for delivering decisive strikes were to be found in most European armies. By the beginning of the 20th century the cuirassiers had been abolished (except for the dress uniform) and the name “cuirassier” became traditional for various regiments in certain armies.

In Russia the first regiment of cuirassiers (the Life Guards Horse Regiment) was formed in November 1731. By 1740 there were four cuirassier regiments, and by 1796 their number had risen to 16. Before the Patriotic War of 1812 there were ten cuirassier regiments; after the war there were 12, which made up three cuirassier divisions. In 1860 they were reorganized as dragoons, with the exception of four guards regiments (the Cavalry Guards, the Horse Guards, and two called His Majesty’s Cuirassiers and Her Majesty’s Cuirassiers, who were distinguished by the color of their uniforms, that is, the “yellow” and “blue” cuirassiers) that existed until 1917.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the event, the portraiture was never wholly warts and all; while eschewing the gaudy trappings of power, Lely elongates Cromwell's face, smooths over some of the roughnesses, and adds the cultural prestige of the cuirassier armor.
The first Berthiers approved for service were the Carabine de Cavallerie Modele 1890, Carabine de Cuirassiers Modele 1890, and the Carabine de Gendarmerie Modele 1890.
Perhaps one of the strangest carbines ever to see service in any army was the Mle 1890 Cuirassier carbine.
The battalion had repeatedly advanced over the crest to push French skirmishers down the forward slope, and as they did it again, firing volleys to drive the Voltigeurs back, [Captain] Cross saw enemy cuirassiers riding through the smoke .
We formed a line on top of the heights, as a Regiment of cuirassiers were about to make a charge upon us and our brigade of Artillery, which was making havoc with the French in the opposite heights.
The Life Guards played a key role at the Battle of Waterloo as they formed the front charging line of the Household Brigade and staged a major assault against the French Cuirassiers which saved the British centre from being over-run.
The first Berth iers approved for service were the Carabine de Cavallerie Modele 1890, Carabine de Cuirassiers Modele 1890, and the Carabine de Gendarmerie Modele 1890.
Carried away by their success, the British cavalry brigades imprudently plunged into French lines where they were counterattacked by French cuirassiers and suffered forty percent casualties.
The Battle of Waterloo: British Squares Receiving the Charge of the French Cuirassiers, by Felix Philippoteaux Linda Fletcher, 62, in Erdington library with pictures of her mother Florance and father Adolphus
Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1889 of 1888-89 (the great early summa of his work, which could not travel to MOMA'S show) and the drawing The Cuirassiers at Waterloo, 1891, are among the many works that demonstrate Ensor's gift for historical travesty.
So let the mangled pile up, until, like the cuirassiers in the ravine at Waterloo, their bodies fill to the brink the chasm of selfish incredulity.