cultural capital


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cultural capital

wealth in the form of knowledge or ideas, which legitimate the maintenance of status and power.

As proposed by BOURDIEU in particular, the notion of cultural capital extends the Marxist idea of economic capital. It is suggested that possessors of this form of capital exert considerable power over other groups, using it to gain preferred occupational positions and to legitimate their claims to a greater share of economic capital. Thus a dominant class has the symbols (language, culture and artefacts) through which it can establish HEGEMONY. Bourdieu argues that the school, through the mechanism of awarding of certificates and diplomas, is a key institution by which the established order is maintained. The language, values, assumptions and models of success and failure adopted within schools are those of the dominant group. Thus, success in the educational system is largely dictated by the extent to which individuals have absorbed the dominant culture, and by how much cultural capital is shared by the dominant group, thus ideologically legitimating the existing social order.

It is, in part, as a result of the operation of cultural capital that the working class are often upstaged in the competition for educational and occupational honours. This is because not only does cultural capital bring inherent advantages in learning, etc, but it is also possibly a factor leading to an undervaluation of formal qualifications, credentialled skills, etc, and a preference for more loosely defined ‘social characteristics’ by some employers, e.g. a preference for middle-class graduates from élite institutions, even when they possess inferior formal qualifications.

The concept of cultural capital involves a view of the advantages of human capital that differs from the main alternative theory the HUMAN CAPITAL theory (see also INTELLIGENCE). It is complementary to a further alternative to human capital theory i.e. screening theory, which has some shared features and some differences of emphasis -see SCREENING. Compare also FUNCTIONALIST THEORY OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Osh local council member Kamil Kamchy uulu asked about the expenditures for holding event Osh - cultural capital of Turkic world at the council's meeting on May 14.
Manhattan, NY, March 19, 2019 --(PR.com)-- This is a banner year for San Miguel de Allende, Mexico, as it celebrates its 12-month reign as American Cultural Capital for 2019.
Chinese cities reconstructed since the early 2000s house a middle-class disposed to collect and activate stocks of economic, social, and cultural capital, says Yochim, and this has shifted the subjectivity of middle class aspiration, embedded within the resurgent institution of the family, toward conspicuous consumption, social differentiation, family-level individualization, and projects of the self.
The conference approved allocating a special account to finance the Cultural Capital TV project and called for giving room for occupied-territories-based Palestinians to take part in Arab cultural and intellectual projects and activities, including holding cultural weeks in different Arab capitals to cast light on the Palestinian cause.
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In a bid to be elected cultural capital of Europe for 2030, Ayia Napa is planning to build a 2,500 seat amphitheatre at a cost of e1/43 million, the resort's Mayor Yiannis Karousos said on Friday.
Bourdieu's cultural capital, social capital, and social reproduction theories are commonly used to explain why members of disadvantaged groups achieve less educational success than those of advantaged groups.
Before handing the Arab Cultural Capital flame to Oujda, Morocco for 2018, a stage was prepared at the Karnak Temple with Egyptian and Moroccan flags on both sides.
The national body for the development and administration of cricket in Sri Lanka is building an international stadium in Jaffna, the northern capital as well as the cultural capital of the Tamil minority.
Our aim is thus to examine if and how cultural capital shapes the ways in which social agents approach various media and their affordances, i.e.
(TAP) - Cinema, theatre, visual arts, music, literature and poetry are on the agenda of the "Tunisian Cultural Days" that started on Monday in the Egyptian city of Luxor, Arab cultural capital in 2017.

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