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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
* How it changed view on culturally competent care: This experience made me realize that with each and every patient that I need to take knowledge base into consideration.
This is in spite of our awareness of the overall need and the evidence that recruiting more persons from minority groups (racial and ethnic) will lead to more culturally competent care and help close gaps in care delivery.
Cultural competency guidelines were incorporated into the ethical codes of some of the largest professional organizations associated with mental health care such as the American Counseling Association (ACA), American Psychological Association (APA), and National Association for Social Workers (NASW) to ensure quality culturally competent care. Cultural competence education became mandatory in clinical training programs and checklists were used to measure knowledge and skills of practitioner trainees.
Providing culturally competent care is a pragmatic issue; care which is responsive to patients needs improves patient outcomes.
"Students need to grasp the science and technology, but also the issues that go along with culturally competent care.''
To provide culturally competent care, healthcare professionals must be willing and able to provide family- and patient-centred care by adjusting their attitudes and behaviours to the needs of diverse patient groups.
Culturally competent care can be defined as "a congruent set of behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency or among professionals and enable that system, agency, or those professions to works effectively in cross-cultural situations" (Cross et al., 1989).
They offer conferences and courses throughout the United States, and certification that validates the education and ability necessary to provide culturally competent care.
What is transcultural nursing and culturally competent care? Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 10(1), 9.
With the appropriate training, adequate resources, and encouragement from caring nurse educators, these students could become valuable, successful, culturally competent care providers for their communities.

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