The main drawbacks of traditional PDR are as follows: 1) it is unable to determine the initial location; 2) it uses acceleration changes to estimate step size and the estimation error varies with the individual and 3) it is relative localization and cannot eliminate cumulative errors
, hence, its cumulative error
grows with increased walking distance.
From Figure 18, the minimum cumulative error
corresponds to the correct assigned classification.
According to the cumulative error
of SINS, the GPS can be applied to correct the SINS; then the integrated positioning system will be established based on SINS and GPS .
a) Cumulative error
distribution of four algorithms under line corridor LOS condition.
Net income for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014 totaled $32.2 million, or $0.86 per diluted share; which included a $41.3 million, or $1.09 per diluted share, reversal of our valuation allowance related to deferred income taxes and the after-tax impact of the cumulative error
correction of $2.2 million, or $0.06 per diluted share.
The controller reportedly maintains accuracy automatically once it determines cumulative error
over a number of cycles, eliminating operator setting errors, the most costly cause of color waste, Maguire notes.
The cumulative error
of torque (N/m) x-axis y-axis z-axis Pseudoinverse 0.3245 0.2364 0.2807 thruster allocation Robust thruster 0.2662 0.1936 0.2191 allocation The maximum distribution deviation of torque (N/m) x-axis y-axis z-axis Pseudoinverse 0.0181 0.0132 0.0156 thruster allocation Robust thruster 0.0116 0.0085 0.0146 allocation TABLE 2: The simulation result when the control efficiency matrix is with the uncertainty of 10%.
Pin pitch is a cumulative error
. On low pin count items, it rarely is a problem.
--reduces the cumulative error
propagation by the parallel use of multiple short processing chains instead of one long chain,
(27) Even when errors standing alone are harmless, appellate courts sometimes conclude the errors may be so numerous as to warrant a reversal under the doctrine of cumulative error
We advocate including all errors at the trial that impact verdict reliability in the scope of cumulative error
Several definitions of a best scale were introduced that involved different techniques of evaluating the cumulative error
of each scale relative to its length, and scales of length up to 150 tones were compared using C++ and Microsoft[R] Excel under the definitions established.