cup

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cup

1. a unit of capacity used in cooking equal to approximately half a pint, 8 fluid ounces, or about one quarter of a litre
2. a mixed drink with one ingredient as a base, usually served from a bowl
3. Golf the hole or metal container in the hole on a green
4. Christian religion the chalice or the consecrated wine used in the Eucharist
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cup

 

in sports:

(1) Sports competitions conducted, for the most part, in accordance with the Olympic system (whereby the loser is eliminated from further competition) and principally for sports where the participants are in direct opposition to each other.

International cups include world cups (for example, the Davis Cup, established in 1900, which is the unofficial world championship in tennis), intercontinental cups (the soccer cup that has been competed for since 1960 by the strongest clubs from Europe and the Americas), and continental cups (for example, the European championship cups in basketball, soccer, and hockey, most of which were established in the 1950’s and 1960’s). Cups are also held in individual countries (in the USSR in 1973 there were cups in 25 sports; the first was for soccer, dating back to 1936). One of the oldest is the Stanley Cup, awarded to the best professional hockey team of Canada and the USA (since 1892).

Sometimes the term “cup” is used for team or individual competitions conducted in accordance with different systems (round-robin, mixed, etc.)—for example, the World Cup for volleyball (since 1965) and the European cups for gymnastics (since 1955) and track and field (since 1965).

(2) A prize, as a rule, a challenge cup, which is awarded to the winner of competitions (either a team or an individual athlete).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a cup?

In psychoanalysis, a cup is a symbol of the female and female sexuality. Alternatively, an empty cup can represent receptiveness.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

cup

[kəp]
(design engineering)
A cylindrical part with only one end open.
(engineering)
A low spot forming on a tool joint shoulder as a result of wobbling.
(mathematics)
The symbol ∪, which indicates the union of two sets.
(metallurgy)
Sheet metal part formed during the first deep-drawing operation.

Cup

[kəp]
(astronomy)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cup

1. The deviation of the face of a board from a plane.
2. A metal insert in a countersunk screw hole.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(7) This group is apparently distinct from the better-known subset of acute myeloid leukemias with "cuplike" nuclear invaginations, which have both NPM1 and FLT3-ITD mutations, and are also [CD34.sup.-], HLA-[DR.sup.-], and myeloperoxidase+ but show less restricted myeloid antigen expression patterns.
(15,16,29,34,37,38) We could find no series in which FLT3 status, cytogenetics, WHO 2008 subtype, and cuplike blast morphology were correlated at diagnosis and relapse.
Each specimen was classified as cuplike or noncuplike according to Kussick et al (24) and Chen et al.
In each relapse specimen the blasts appeared cuplike after being noncuplike in the diagnosis specimen (Figure 2).
Of 109 diagnosis/relapse specimens with adequate morphology, 25 (23%) were positive for cuplike blasts, including 18 of 32 FLT3/ITD+ specimens (56%) and 7 of 77 FLT3/ITD-specimens (9%; P < .001).
Four of 7 patients (57%) with relapse-only FLT3/ITD mutations were positive for cuplike blasts at first (cases 1, 32, and 52) or second (case 14) relapse after being noncuplike at diagnosis (Figure 2).
The blasts in case 9 were cuplike at diagnosis and relapse, while in case 1 they were noncuplike in the FLT3/ TKD+ diagnostic sample but cuplike in each FLT3/ITD+ relapse specimen (Table 1).
Kussick et al (24) first described frequent FLT3/ITD mutations in a group of nonpromyelocytic/nonmonocytic AMLs having invaginated (cuplike) nuclei.
(51,52) Mutations in FLT3, NPM1, or both are highly prevalent (84.9%) in AML with cuplike blasts.
The FLT3 mutation status at diagnosis may divide chemoresistant AMLs into 2 general groups: (1) FLT3/ITD+ AML, of predominantly AML-NOS WHO 2008 subtype, with normal/intermediate presentation karyotypes, but prone to cytogenetic evolution at relapse, and frequently exhibiting cuplike blasts; and (2) FLT3-wild-type AML, of predominantly AML-MRC WHO 2008 subtype, with variable but often adverse presentation karyotypes and infrequent association with cuplike blasts.
Acute myeloid leukemia with cuplike nuclei and intracytoplasmic inclusions following myelodysplastic syndrome.