Cuprite


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cuprite

[′kyü‚prīt]
(mineralogy)
Cu2O A red mineral that crystallizes in the isometric system and is found in crystals and fine-grained aggregates or is massive; a widespread supergene copper ore. Also known as octahedral copper ore; red copper ore; ruby copper ore.

Cuprite

 

(also ruby copper, red copper ore), a mineral; cuprous oxide, Cu2O (88.8 percent Cu, 11.2 percent O). Cuprite crystallizes in the isometric system. The crystals are octahedral, dodecahedral or, less frequently, acicular or fibrous (chalcotrich-ite). The mineral generally occurs in massive granular, sometimes earthy, aggregates. Cuprite is red in color with a high adamantine luster. Its hardness on Mohs’ scale is 3.5–4 and its density is 5,850–6,200 kg/m3.

Cuprite is a typical supergene mineral formed from primary copper sulfides and secondary chalcocite. It occurs in association with malachite, native copper, and other secondary minerals in the oxidation zone of copper deposits. In the USSR, cuprite deposits are located in the Urals (Gumeshki, Mednaia Ruda, and Turiia mines) and in the Kazakh SSR (Dzhezkazgan). There are also deposits in France (Chessy, near Lyon), Chile, Peru, and the United States (Bisbee, Ariz.).

References in periodicals archive ?
5 cm rising from massive red cuprite, have recently emerged as well.
The original deposit possessed a leached capping of oxide ore averaging some 27 m in thickness, the principal minerals being malachite, azurite, cuprite, tennantite, brochantite, antlerite and chrysocolla.
Some surfaces show brick-red cuprite patinas, while others show dull black patinas of tenorite; the color and luster of the uncoated native metal is fairly bright, but the two other tints add variety and aesthetic interest to these fine copper specimens.
His booth was large and fine, featuring a whole case of excellent French minerals, several of which were already reserved, including a fine Chessy malachite pseudomorph after cuprite, almost 2 centimeters
2003) This study Azurite X X Barite X Brochantite X X Chalcocite X X Chalcanthite X Chrysocolla X X Copper X X Covellite X Cuprite X X Delafossite X Malachite X X Neotocite X Plancheite X Tenorite ("melaconite") X X
Since then Ray has been a prolific producer of native copper specimens, as well as exceptional crystals of cuprite and large chrysocolla pseudomorphs.