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a game played on ice in which a disk of dressed stone or metal with a handle attached is slid across ice and into an outlined tee (fixed mark). The total length of the ice rink is 42 yards (36.22 m), and from the line where the stone is released to the tee is 36 yards (30.96 m). The stone weighs 38 pounds (17.252 kg) and has a circumference of 36 inches (92.16 cm). Points are counted for bringing the stone to rest on the tee. Usually two teams take part in a game.
Scotland is considered the birthplace of curling (in the mid-16th century); the first curling club was opened in 1738 in the county of Fife. In the first half of the 19th century the rules of play for curling were officially established, and they have hardly changed at all since that time. Curling has become popular in Great Britain, Canada, the German Democratic Republic, Austria, and the Scandinavian countries, where national curling federations. Curling matches have been included several times in the program of the Winter Olympics as exhibition contests.