curtilage

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curtilage

The ground adjacent to a dwelling and appertaining to it, as a yard, garden, or court.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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If an officer trespasses onto another's curtilage, that trespass would be a search if it was in an area of the curtilage where the owner has a reasonable expectation of privacy.
Because curtilage is given Fourth Amendment protection, and in all federal and most state cases an open field is not, it is important to know where the curtilage ends and the open field begins.
Supreme Court has described the curtilage as "the area to which extends the intimate activity associated with the 'sanctity of a man's home and the privacies of life."'(12) The boundaries of the curtilage for most homes are readily apparent.
The Dunn Court ruled that the barn was not within the curtilage of the house.
Under Dunn, in order for property to be considered curtilage it must be appurtenant to a residential building.
Supreme Court has recognized that "[t]he businessman, like the occupant of a residence, has a constitutional right to go about his business free from unreasonable official entries upon his private commercial property."(19) While this statement of general principle applies to the interior of a business, the courts have not given the same protection to the land surrounding a business as they traditionally have given to the curtilage of a home.