cushioning effect


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cushioning effect

cushioning effect
Cushioning effect (in ground effect).
A temporary gain in lift and decrease in drag during flight near the ground or water caused by the compression of air between the wings of the aircraft and the surface below. Also called ground effect.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the cushioning effect of the currency appreciation, inflationary threat, though, persists, as international raw-material prices continue to advance relentlessly.
However, this cushioning effect is lower when interest rates are already near zero, or when many countries consolidate at the same time.
Due in part to the cushioning effect of strong order backlogs in a number of infrastructure businesses, revenue of Euro 18.2 billion was down only 4 percent compared to the prior-year period.
Aqua Circuit is low impact and the cushioning effect of the water protects joints in the spine, ankle, hip and knees.
But the hydropower system's cushioning effect is wearing thin as demand grows and as intermittent energy sources such as wind and solar power are integrated into the electric system.
The gap between the current prices and the high prices of 2008 narrowed significantly, so the cushioning effect to the inflation waned.
"If it's a large pedestrian or on a small town car, the airbag also provides a cushioning effect around the stiff peripheral regions [of the windscreen]," New Scientist magazine quoted him as saying.
However, continues the Czech EU Presidency, "unlike other sectors," agriculture can make use of "many market mechanisms and measures" under the first pillar of the CAP, including food demand, "which constitutes a relatively stable variable acting as a counter-cyclical stabiliser," "stable income" under direct payments, "which ensure a minimum cushioning effect in the event of radical declines in earnings," and financial support for diversification of activities through rural development projects.
Thus far, the Gulf states have remained fairly isolated from the impact of the crunch, partly due to the cushioning effect of surplus liquidity in their immediate neighborhood and the unspoken guarantee that massive sovereign wealth can be used to shore up any domestic collapse.
Cushioning - Ensure there is a cushioning effect when you sit down
Lane Clark said the position could have been even worse, because the IAS 19 accounting standard used for measuring pension liabilities on company balance sheets has had a cushioning effect.
But as the piston moves toward the head, the plug enters the counterbore, providing the cushioning effect. What occurs then is illustrated in steps in the rest of Fig.